A recent post provided and identified words v the Greek prefix hyper– (meaning “above,” “beyond,” or “over”). Here, words based on its antonym, hypo-, room the focus.

You are watching: Words that start with the prefix hypo

The most usual words beginning with hypo– include hypodermic (literally, “under skin”), an adjective describing injection under the skin or tissue or growth beneath the skin (the word is also employed as a noun, and hypo is a usual truncation), and also hypothermia (“under heat”), the term for abnormally low body temperature.

Other medical conditions include hypoglycemia (“under sugar blood”)—colloquially recognized as “low blood sugar”—and hypochondria (“under cartilage”), mental depression in i beg your pardon the sufferer imagines physics ailments, so called from the original belief that such feelings originated in the abdominal muscle organs; the term because that the pathological state is hypochondriasis. Hypochondriac is both an adjective explicate the condition and a noun pertaining come the sufferer.

Hypoallergenic means “unlikely to reason an allergy reaction,” and the hypothalamus is a crucial part of the brain that regulates automatic procedures in the body. Oxygen deficiency is referred to as hypoxia, and hypomania is a gentle mania associated with bipolar disorder. (The respective adjectives are hypoxic and also hypomanic.)

Other well-known words in the hypo– family are hypocrisy (“under decide”), which evolved in an interpretation in Greek native “sift” come “play a part” and now defines actions or mindsets that contradict one’s stated beliefs or opinions, and also hypothesis (“under proposition”), i beg your pardon denotes miscellaneous assumed and taken because that granted for the sake of argument; the many is hypotheses. One that demonstrates hypocrisy is understood hypocritical and also called a hypocrite. The adjectival kind for hypothesis is hypothetical, and the verb form is hypothesize.

A hypotenuse is the next of a ideal triangle the contrary the right angle. (The root word is the communication of tension and tenuous.)

More obscure state in this group include hypocorism (“under caress”), meaning “pet name,” as in a diminutive favor Bobby, a hatchet of endearment such as honey, or baby-talk forms of address such together papa; such words room hypocoristic. One who lives underground is hypogean (the antonym is epigean), and also a hypocaust is a chamber for lighting a fire to warmth rooms located above. (The root is the same as that watched in holocaust.)

A disguised relationship is hyphen—literally, “under one,” since the mark was originally located beneath the native to it is in connected.

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10 Responses come “The Prefix “Hypo” and also Related Words”

Dale A. Woodon September 27, 2017 1:20 am

More words through “hypo”:hypobaric, hypofanatic, hypospray, hypotonic, hypothyroid(ism), hypoverbal

Dale A. Woodon September 27, 2017 1:26 am

more words with hyper:hyperfanatical, hyperfascist, hypergeometric, hyper-Nazi (a deep deranged worshiper that Adolf Hitler), hyperreligious.

Dale A. Woodon September 27, 2017 1:31 am

hypoventilation, hypoaqueous (not sufficient water), hypocorporeal.

Dale A. Woodon September 27, 2017 1:47 am

The indigenous “hyperbolic” has an ext than one meaning.A. Hyperbolic is “full of hyperboles”. In other words, a gross variety of exaggerations. A prevaricator that the extreme.B. Hyperbolic is miscellaneous that needs to do with one of the conic sections, the hyperbola. In astronomy and also astronautics, the four basic kinds of trajectories space circular, elliptical, hyperbolic, and parabolic.Leaving the Solar device on a hyperbolic trajectory is yes, really the way to go!C. Hyperbolic geometry is concerned “B”. There are two straightforward types the non-Euclidean geometry: hyperbolic and also elliptical (spherical).

Dale A. Woodon September 27, 2017 1:52 am

Two extremes of the politics spectrum room the hyperright and the hyperleft. In one of two people case, they space hyperradical or hyperextreme. Someone really much in between would be a hypermoderate.

Dale A. Woodon September 27, 2017 2:15 am

For uncertain reasons, the article codebreaking center of the Pacific Fleet in ~ Pearl Harbor had actually the code name that “Hypo”.Pacific Fleet knowledge was under a Captain Layton (later a actual admiral), and also the codebreaking subunit was under Cmdr. Rochefort. Hypo took intercepted Japanese navy (IJN) radiotelegraph messages and also tried come decipher castle by hand – one extremely an overwhelming task. There to be no such point as one electronic computer in 1941, and also the JN-25 cipher to be a very complex one (Japanese marine 25).Besides every one of its radio receivers in Hawaii, Hypo obtained intercepted IJN messages from Alaska, Washington State, California, American Samoa, Australia, etc. That’s the method that shortwave radio interactions work out: the messages deserve to be obtained well at various places depending on the direction, the moment of day, the month, and also solar conditions.Pearl Harbor had the advantage of being linked to California by underwater telegraph cables. Hence, intercepts indigenous the Americas might be sent out to Hypo without the Japanese knowing what we had actually intercepted, and (partially) deciphered messages can be sent out in complete secrecy come the marine HQ in Washington, D.C. The IJN never had actually a reservation that we were deciphering several of their radio messages.A long time ago, the expression “Hypo” was so obscure come me the I thought that the writers meant “Hypno”.That’s a nice idea: hypnotize the Japanese and also find out what their keys were!

venqaxon September 27, 2017 12:27 pm

If hypochondriac is an adjective, then whereby to usage hypochondriacal? (That is pronounced hy-po-kon-DRY-i-k’l.) We execute hear medical civilization use the term. To say someone’s actions is hypochondriac, fairly than hypochondriacal, doesn’t sound right at all. In fact, Grammarly just red-lined that usage of hypocondriac without an ennouning* “a” or “the” before it.

Yep. Making that up. “To make into a noun.”

Dale A. Woodon September 29, 2017 4:58 am

In chemistry and biology, there are the state hypotonic, hypertonic, and also isotonic for solutions, most often worrying semipermeable membranes. In a shameful way, the cosmetics industry has actually stolen some or every one of these terms.Here is what castle do: castle toss roughly these clinical terms native chemistry, biology, and physics i m sorry 95 percent the the human being do not know what they yes, really mean. Native physics: shade, tint, tone, hue, saturation, luminous, radiant. These every have plainly defined an interpretation in the scientific researches of colors and also electromagnetic waves.To me, someone with “luminous skin” goes roughly glowing in the dark, similar to the aliens in the movie COCOON. Film)

Dale A. Woodon October 02, 2017 6:11 pm

Venqax, ns agree v your reservations around using “hypochondriac” as an adjective. Doing for this reason sounds as with what countless nitwits perform nowadays who do not know the distinction is between an adjective and a noun. It should not be urged at all.Here is several of the worst of it, and the writers of the linked Press are the worst the all. I have actually seen such glaring things as “a Mexico man”. How around “a mexican man”? the is shocking, since Mexico is just one of our next-door neighbors.

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Dale A. Woodon October 02, 2017 7:12 pm

Those people do not understand what the phrase “adjectival form” is. Furthermore, they execute not also know what the really simplest adjectival forms are: Bengali, Iraqi, Kuwaiti, Nepali, Omani, Pakistani, Qatari, Saudi, Yemeni,or Czech, Dutch, English, German, Greek, Hindu, Irish, Polish, Saxon, Scottish, Swiss, Thai, Welsh,or Algerian, Austrian, Bolivian, Colombian, Cuban, Dominican, Estonian, Formosan, Ghanan, Himalayan, Indonesian, Jamaican, Kenyan, Korean, Latvian, Libyan, Mandarin, Malaysian, Polynesian, Romanian, Russian, Siberian, Syrian, Tunisian, Ugandan, Venezuelan, Yugoslavian, Zambian.I imagine that the next six come disappear will be Australian, Burmese, Canadian, Ceylonese, French, and Siamese.African, American, Asian, Arabian, European, Indian, and also Arctic will more than likely be stubborn. These need to do with continents, subcontinents, oceans, and also seas.Practically nobody to know what these typical anymore Andean, Atlantean, Byelorussian, Caledonian, Cyrenaican, Hibernian, Hyperborean, Peloponnesian, Neapolitan, Sumerian.Note that “Nepali” and also “Nepalese” space synonyms, as space “Siamese” and also “Thai”; and “Persian” and also “Iranian”.I have been called that as soon as one ask an Iranian what language he speaks, the answer amounts to “Persian”.