1 The Social an interpretation of Race and also EthnicityRace – a socially constructed group composed of civilization who share biologically sent traits that members the a society consider important. Ethnicity – a shared social heritage. Race involves highlighting biological traits. Ethnicity involves highlighting cultural traits.

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2 minorities A decimal – any type of category the people, identified by physical or social difference, that a society sets apart and subordinates. Minorities have actually two significant characteristics: (1) castle share a distinctive identity. (2) Subordination.

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3 Prejudice Prejudice – a rigid and irrational generalization around an entire classification of people. Prejudgments the are confident or negative. Lock lead united state to characterize every members of whole group, many of who we’ve never ever met.

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4 Stereotypes and RacismStereotypes – an exaggerated description applied to every person in some category. Both the majority group and also minorities hold stereotypical beliefs. Racism – the id that one racial classification is innately premium or worse to another. Racial distinction in psychological abilities result from setting rather than biology.

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5 theories of Prejudice Scapegoat concept – prejudice springs from frustration among people who space themselves disadvantaged. A scapegoat – a person with tiny power whom civilization unfairly blame for their very own troubles. Authoritarian Personality theory – excessive prejudice is a personality properties in particular individuals. These personalities are common among those with small education and also broken homes.

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6 theory of Prejudice culture Theory – too much prejudice might be installed in culture. Bogardus believed everyone in the United says expresses part bigotry due to the fact that we live in a society of prejudice. Dispute Theory – an effective people use prejudice to justification oppressing others. Steele contends that minorities themselves maintain a climate of race consciousness in order come win better power.

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7 differentiate Discrimination – treating assorted categories of civilization unequally. This deserve to be wither negative or positive. Prejudice and discrimination frequently occur together. Robert Merton classified four types.

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8 Majority and Minority: trends of InteractionPluralism – a state in i beg your pardon racial and ethnic minorities are distinct however have social parity. The joined States assures equal was standing under the law. Adaptation – the process by which decimal gradually embrace patterns that the dominant category. Distinction – the physical and social separation of categories of people. This has decreased during recent decades. Genocide – the systematic killing that one classification of human being by another.

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9 Race and Ethnicity in the unified States aboriginal AmericansWhen the Europeans come in the fifteenth century, the native Americans numbered in the millions. By 1900, they numbered a only 250,000. Christopher Columbus very first called lock “Indians” since he assumed he landing in India. Not till 1924 were indigenous Americans entitled to citizenship.

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10 Race and Ethnicity in the United claims White Anglo-Saxon ProtestantsWASPs were not the very first to inhabit the unified States, however they concerned dominate this nation. Historically, WASP immigrant were very skilled and also motivated to achieve the Protestant job-related ethic. WASPs were never ever one solitary group. English remains the leading language today, and Protestantism is the majority religion.

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11 Race and Ethnicity in the United says African AmericansMost accounts mark the start of black history in the United says as 1619. A dutch trading ship brought twenty africans to Jamestown, Virginia. Enslavement was the foundation of the southern colonies’ plantation system. In 1865, the Thirteenth modification outlawed slavery. In the 1950s and 60s, the polite rights activity grew.

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12 Race and also Ethnicity in the unified States oriental AmericansEnormous social diversity characterizes this group of people. In 2000, the total number of Asian Americans gone beyond 10 million. The largest category of eastern Americans is people of Chinese ancestry. Much more than one-third of asian Americans live in California.

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13 Race and also Ethnicity in the United says Hispanic AmericansIn 2000, hispanic Americans numbered much more than 35 million. Few people in this group describe themselves as “Hispanic” or “Latino.” Hispanics space really a cluster of distinct populations, every of which identifies v a certain ancestral nation. Many of the Hispanic populace lives in the Southwest.

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14 Race and Ethnicity: looking Ahead.The unified States has actually been and will continue to be a soil of immigrants. Immigrant has produced striking social diversity.


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Many brand-new arrivals face much the exact same prejudice as those who came prior to them.

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