You are watching: What does inri stand for on a crucifix
Answer: The brand-new Testament go not give a direct an interpretation of INRI due to the fact that these letters stand for Latin, no Greek, words. The publication of Matthew, however, does tells united state what was placed over Jesus" head as soon as he was on the cross. Pontius Pilate commanded that the adhering to accusation it is in written over his head, "This is Jesus, the King of the Jews" (Matthew 27:37, HBFV throughout). This is clearly not INRI.
The gospels of note (Mark 15:26) and also Luke (Luke 23:38) have similar wording contrasted to Matthew. While the referrals in Matthew and Mark carry out not reveal to united state which languages the accusation was written in, Luke and John carry out tell us. In John"s "version" that INRI he says that, hung over Jesus" head, was the phrase "Jesus the Nazarean, the King that the Jews" (John 19:19). This expression was composed in the language of Hebrew, Greek and also Latin (verse 20).
As an interesting note, the expression "King the the Jews" can be found eighteen times in the 4 gospel accounts. The publication of john accounts for one 3rd of its brand-new Testament uses. The expression is first used in the holy bible by the Persian Magi when they to be seeking Christ in bespeak to worship him (Matthew 2:2).
One factor why the abbreviation INRI is used to stand for the charge against Christ is the scholars normally used the wording presented in the Gospel of john as opposed to Matthew, Luke or Mark. They go this because they felt the recommendation to Christ"s hometown the Nazareth, in the accusation against him, were a an ext complete and also accurate recording of the charge versus him 보다 the other three gospel accounts.
Another factor why INRI, extract from the book of John, is offered is due to very early translation that the Scriptures right into the Latin language. Jerome, in the late 4th century A.D., translated the initial language text of the bible to Latin, creating the Vulgate (Latin) translation. It came to be such an important translation for the Catholics that, in the 16th century, they made it their main Bible. This translation had actually INRI in ~ it.
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So, just how does the Latin abbreviation INRI represent the main charge against Jesus, supplied by the roman inn government, in bespeak to justify condemning him to obtain the fatality penalty?
The letter "I" to represent Jesus" surname spelled Iesus. Strangely, even though Latin has a letter "J" in your alphabet, that was determined to spell Christ"s name beginning with an "I." This is probably because Greek and Hebrew execute not have a letter "J" in your alphabets. The letter "N" in INRI means Nazarenvs, i m sorry in English is Nazareth or Nazarene.
The letter "R" means Rex, which analyzed is "king." The critical letter "I" is an abbreviation for words Ivdaeorum, which analyzed is "Jews" (again, using "I" in ar of using of "J"). In English, the literal definition or an interpretation of INRI is "Jesus Nazareth King Jews."