Who space The Crucible characters? What carry out they do and when do they show up in the play? uncover out in this rundown of the personalities in Arthur Miller"s The Crucible.

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In this article, I"ll go over every of the Cruciblecharacters by name, pinpoint which act(s) every character appears in and/or is mentioned in, and briefly define each character and also what she/he walk in The Crucible.

Central actors of The Crucible

To begin off with, I"ll comment on the seven personalities in The Crucible who space integral come the plot of the drama: man Proctor, Abigail Williams, mary Warren, Giles Corey, Rebecca Nurse, Reverend Hale, and Elizabeth Proctor. For each of this characters, you"ll get review of their relationships with other characters in the play, a brief description of their personality, and a overview of the action they take throughout the play.

John Proctor

John Proctor is the central character whom the drama that The Crucible revolves around. This preferably is assisted by the reality that he has relationships with plenty of of the other personalities in the play: Proctor is husband to Elizabeth Proctor, former (adulterous) lover of Abigail Williams, employee of mary Warren, friend of Giles Corey and Francis Nurse (and by expansion their wives), and also not a pan (though not specifically an enemy) of Reverend Parris. Proctor is defined by Miller together “respected and also even feared in Salem,” having “a sharp and biting way with hypocrites” also though he “regards himself as a kind of a fraud” (p. 19) as result of his affair with Abigail Williams.

Act 1: We discover out the Proctor had actually an affair v Abigail that he says he no much longer wishes to continue. Proctor is hesitant of witchcraft and of Parris"s insurance claims of persecution and also leaves soon after Reverend Hale come at the Parris household.

Act 2: Elizabeth and John comment on the occasions that have been continue in Salem; Elizabeth urges John come tell the court what Abigail called him around the girls faking it, which triggers a discussion about John"s affair with Abigail and his continuing guilt around it. End the food of the act, Proctor becomes frightened of the power the girls have with your accusations, particularly once his mam is arrested because that witchcraft.

Act 3: Proctor goes come court come fight the charges against his wife and dispute the veracity of the girls" claims; he eventually ends up being accused the witchcraft himself.

Act 4: Tormented end whether or no to confess come witchcraft to save himself, Proctor ultimately ends increase tearing increase his signed confession and also going come the gallows v what remains of his truth intact.

For a deeper exploration of john Proctor’s personality traits and actions, check out our character analysis of him.

Abigail Williams

Also well-known As: Abby Williams

Abigail is the nephew of Reverend Parris and also the cousin the Betty Parris. She also used to work as a servant with the Proctors, prior to she was sent out away by Elizabeth Proctor for having an affair with Elizabeth"s husband John. She is friend (or at least acquaintances) through Mercy Lewis and eventually i do not care the ringleader of the "afflicted" girls (i.e. The girls that accuse human being of gift witches). Miller describes Abigail together "seventeen...a strikingly beautiful girl, an orphan, through an countless capacity because that dissembling" (p. 8); in essence, he is calling she a pretty small liar.

Act 1: Abigail is accused by her uncle of dancing in the woods (possibly naked) and of gift soiled; she vehemently denies this, but when he pipeline Betty wakes and also accuses Abigail of drink a potion to death Elizabeth Proctor. Eventually, Abigail manages to acquire out of gift punished by very first accusing Tituba the forcing she to drink the potion and then appearing to confess her bewitching and accusing rather of witchcraft.

Act 2: We discover out, first via mar Warren and also then via Ezekiel Cheever, that Abigail has accused Elizabeth Proctor that witchcraft.

Act 3: Abigail is questioned about faking she symptoms and also denounces it together a lie; she then leads the girl in a hysterical display versus Mary Warren once Mary tries to discredit them and also succeeds in affecting Mary come abandon her testimony.

Act 4: us hear from her uncle, Reverend Parris, that Abigail has actually run off v Mercy Lewis and also some of her uncle’s money.

For much more about Abigail Williams and her duty in The Crucible, review our comprehensive discussion the Abby, and our evaluation of important Abigail Williams quotes.

Me? Accuse who of witchcraft so I can marry her husband and run off through my uncle"s money once that didn"t job-related out? Whyever would you think such a thing?

Mary Warren

Mary Warren is a servant to John and Elizabeth Proctor and part of the team of girls accusing world of witchcraft. Explained by Miller together "seventeen, a subservient, naïve lonely girl" (p. 17), mary is urged both by her desire to be a part of "the an excellent doings in the world" (p. 20) and her fears of obtaining in trouble (whether through Abigail or the Proctors).

Act 1: Mary mirrors up at the Parris family members to confer v Abigail and Mercy about what"s walking on (since lock were every dancing in the woods the night before).

Act 2: mar arrives ago at the Proctors" slightly more confident due to her role in the court; she bring Elizabeth a poppet she made and both the Proctors news that what has been continue in Salem and reveals the she controlled to stave off one accusation that witchcraft against Elizabeth (although it transforms out that after mary left, Elizabeth was accused again). After ~ Elizabeth is arrested and taken away, mary is yelled at by man Proctor and also told she has to testify in court about how she do the poppet, grounding a needle in it, and also gave it to Elizabeth.

Act 3: mar is bullied by man Proctor into testifying just how there is naught supernatural emerging in Salem. This end up backfiring when she is accused of sending her heart to torment the girls; eventually, mar accuses Proctor self of gift a witch and also returns come the fold of accusers.

Discover much more about mary Warren’s duty in The Crucible v our character analysis of her.

Giles Corey

Giles Corey is husband to Martha Corey and friends v John Proctor and Francis Nurse. A cantankerous old guy who has no problem suing even his friend for regarded insults, Giles is explained by Miller as "a crank and also a nuisance, but withal a deeply innocent and brave man" (p. 38).

Act 1: Giles wanders right into the Parris home to find out those going on. He speak Reverend Hale that he think it’s weird his mam Martha reads all the time and that whenever she reads, Giles has actually trouble praying (conveniently omitting the info that Giles has just began to go to church more regularly and so normally would have an obstacle remembering his prayers).

Act 2: Giles pertains to the Proctors’ house in addition to Francis Nurse to report the both their wives have actually been arrested for witchcraft; that asks Proctor’s advice for what come do

Act 3: Giles storms right into court to shot to prove his wife isn’t a witch. He end up being condemned for contempt of court as soon as he won’t surname the human being who called him the Putnam’s daughter accused George Jacobs of gift a witch in order to have the ability to purchase George Jacobs’ forfeited land.

Act 4: We learn via Elizabeth Proctor that Giles was pressed to death (with stones on his chest) because he refuse to answer the accusations against him one method or an additional so his property would stay in his family.

For a more detailed discussion of Giles Corey and also what happened to him, read our dedicated Giles Corey character analysis.

Rebecca Nurse

Also well-known As: Goody Nurse

Rebecca is married to Francis Nurse. She is friendly v everyone in Salem other than for Ann Putnam, whose concerns over she daughter Ruth Rebecca type of brushes turn off in action 1.

Act 1: Rebecca comes end to the Parris household and also tries to calm anyone down, saying it’s probably simply girls gift girls and also not something supernatural. As soon as it i do not care clear that everyone else desires to walk ahead v the investigation of possible witchy reasons for the girls’ behavior, she departs.

Act 2: The audience learns indigenous Francis Nurse that Rebecca has been arrested for the murder of Ann Putnam’s seven youngsters who died in infancy.

Act 3: The audience learn via Hale the Rebecca has been found guilty the witchcraft in court (p. 80).

Act 4: Rebecca is saddened to learn that man is going to confess to witchcraft, then uplifted when he decides not to; lock both go to the gallows together.

For more discussion of the function of Rebecca Nurse in the play, make certain to read our complete evaluation of Rebecca Nurse in The Crucible The Crucible.

Reverend john Hale

Reverend Hale is one "expert" on witchcraft, dubbed in from Beverly through Reverend Parris as a preventive measure (in case Betty Parris"s affliction is superordinary in nature). Defined by Miller in ~ the beginning of the play as "nearing forty, a tight-skinned, eager-eyed intellectual," (p. 30), Hale changes over the course of the play indigenous an idealist who believes he has actually the power to root the end the evil one to a disillusioned man who realizes the has included to a hysteria and also caused the deaths that innocents.

Act 1: Hale shows up in an answer to Parris’s summons. Excited to usage his devoted skills to hunt the end the Devil, Hale ends up (inadvertently) pressuring Tituba right into confessing until she name names.

Act 2: Hale pertains to the Proctors to check in top top them, due to the fact that he’s heard some disturbing things about them (John doesn’t go to church often, Elizabeth to be accused of being a witch the day, etc); that quizzes man on his commandments and also is upset/shocked come hear the the girls can be faking your fits and also lying to the court. He seems conflicted (“in great pain”) yet still do not want to completely accept just how thoroughly he is screwed every little thing up (p. 68).

Act 3: Hale ineffectually do the efforts to stop the juggernaut that has collection into motion; he now realizes that witchcraft isn’t as black and white as he thought since at the very least some the the accusations clearly stem from ulterior motivations and there"s no evidence besides hearsay because that convictions…but it’s too late. Storms turn off after Proctor is ordered come jail by Danforth (p. 111), denouncing the court and what it is doing.

Act 4: Hale has returned come Salem to shot to obtain the accused witches come confess and save their stays so he deserve to feel less guilty/accumulate much less blood on his hands. The does not succeed.

Reverend Hale, by the end of The Crucible.

Reykjavik statue/used under CC by 2.0/Cropped native original.

Elizabeth Proctor

Elizabeth Proctor is married to john Proctor. Elizabeth dislikes Abigail Williams, likely due to the fact that man Proctor committed adultery through Abigail. When Miller walk not offer Elizabeth any specific stage direction explanation they way he walk with plenty of of the other characters, we discover through various bits of dialogue the Elizabeth had actually been sick the ahead winter (p. 61).

Act 2: Elizabeth tries to advice her husband to go to city to tell everyone Abigail is a liar – an initial because that the best thing to do, then since she’s worried Abigail is walk to accuse Elizabeth of gift a witch in bespeak to take her place in John’s life (and bed). She is disappointed that john met through Abigail alone and also somehow failure to mention that information to her, however is not enabled to defend herself because John’s internal guilt causes him to reaction angrily and also volubly to her fears.

Elizabeth accepts a poppet native Mary and tries to protect Mary indigenous John’s wrath at Mary"s having neglected she duties at residence to go off come the court and accuse human being of witchcraft. In ~ the end of the act, Elizabeth is arrested and also taken in after the revealed Abigail dubbed her out together a witch (after mary Warren and Hale left for the day) and also she has actually that damning poppet v a needle stuck in it.

Act 3: Elizabeth is brought into the court to check that Abigail Williams was dismissed native her place for resting with john Proctor, since John has actually boasted that Elizabeth never ever lies. In a situation of faith, Elizabeth choose to lie to defend her husband’s reputation; this unfortunately ends up having actually a an unfavorable effect together it undercuts John’s accusation the Abigail is accusing Elizabeth of gift a witch in order come marry John.

Act 4: Elizabeth is request by Danforth and also Hale to convince john to confess to conserve his life; instead, she basically simply acts as a sounding board while john agonizes end what come do. She likewise tearfully confesses that man Proctor is the best and that she shouldn’t have judged him because only he deserve to judge himself, and tells that that every little thing he choose is it s okay by she (p. 127):

Do what you will. Yet let no one be your judge. There be no greater judge under Heaven than Proctor is! pardon me, forgive me, John—I never knew such goodness in the world! She covers she face, weeping.

When Parris and also Hale try to gain Elizabeth to protect against John after he’s torn up his confession and is ~ above his means to the gallows, she does not, stating, “He have his quality now. God forbid ns take the from him!” (p. 134).

Other Salem citizens in The Crucible

Aside indigenous the seven central Crucible characters provided above, there are additionally many other Salem occupants who appear in this play. Even if it is they accuse rather of gift witches, space accused of being witches themselves, or are just townspeople through an axe to grind versus Reverend Parris, the characters listed below all add to relocate the action of the plot forward.

Reverend Samuel Parris

Reverend Parris is the dad of Betty Parris, uncle the Abigail Williams, and also minister that Salem. That is not shown in a optimistic light in this play, being defined by Miller native the really beginning together someone who "cut a villainous path through history" who "believed he to be being persecuted wherever he went." v his actions and also words, Parris "very little good to be stated for him" (p. 3).

Act 1: Parris is worried that Betty is sick, so he has referred to as on Dr. Griggs for clinical care and also sent for Reverend Hale for spiritual care. He inquiries Abigail around her dance in the woods v Betty and also Tituba and discusses exactly how he thinks there are world plotting against him and also his fears around how civilization will perceive him if witchcraft is found under his roof.

Act 3: tho self-important and petty, Parris accuses civilization who the perceives together a hazard or who state castle don"t believe in witchcraft of lied or having "come to fall the court" (p. 82).

Act 4: Parris asks Danforth and Hathorne to fulfill him in jail to discuss the threats attendant on hanging well-respected members of the community like Rebecca Nurse and John Proctor. Parris describes that he and Hale have been praying v the convicted witches and hoping they"ll confess; for Parris, this is since the people around to hang space influential and so their deaths might reason trouble because that him. He likewise mentions that Abigail has disappeared and seems to have actually stolen his life savings, i beg your pardon prompts Danforth to contact him "a brainless man" (p. 117).

Parris likewise tells Danforth that he"s been threatened as a an outcome of his plot in the witch trials: “Tonight, as soon as I open my door to leaving my residence – a dagger clattered to the ground” (p. 119), yet Danforth does not seem to care.

Betty Parris

Betty is the ten-year-old daughter the Reverend Parris and cousin come Abigail Williams...and doesn"t acquire much much more of a character description/development than that. She is the third person in Salem come accuse people of witchcraft (after Tituba and also Abby). Various other than a short time onstage in act 3 (when she chants in unison with the rest of the witch-accusing girls), Betty is just onstage throughout the opened act of the play.

During act 1, Betty falls ill ~ dancing in the woods with Tituba and some that the various other girls that the village (Abigail Williams, Mercy Lewis, mar Warren, and Ruth Putnam). Once she temporary rouses from her stupor, Betty accuses Abigail of drink a medicine to death Goody Proctor (p.18), prior to falling earlier into one inert state. Betty livens up again at the finish of the act come chime in v her own hysterical accusations that witchcraft.


In she forties, Tituba is Reverend Parris’s slave that he carried with the from Barbados. She is dedicated to Betty (p. 7, p. 41) yet possibly harbors some resentment versus Parris the comes the end in her "confession" of witchcraft (p. 44):

TITUBA, in a fury: He to speak Mr. Parris must be kill! Mr. Parris no goodly man, Mr. Parris average man and also no gentle man, and also he bid me climb out of mine bed and also cut your throat! They gasp. However I tell him “No! i don’t hate that man. Ns don’t want kill the man.” yet he say, “You job-related for me, Tituba, and I make you for free! I give you pretty dress to wear, and also put you means high increase in the air, and also you unable to do fly back to Barbados!”

Various townspeople (Abigail, Mrs. Putnam) seem come think that Tituba likewise can "conjure" spirits, i m sorry at some points it appears that Tituba herself may additionally believe ("Devil, him be pleasure-man in Barbados, him it is in singin’ and also dancin’ in Barbados. It’s you folks – girlfriend riles him up ‘round here; the be also cold ‘round right here for the old Boy. He frozen his soul in Massachusetts, however in Barbados he just as sweet...", p. 113).

Act 1: Tituba tries to discover out how "her beloved" Betty is doing, however Parris shoos her away; later, she is accused through Abigail that forcing the girl to carry out the Devil’s work. When pressured by Hale and also Parris come confess and also give the surname of those who are abetting her, Tituba eventually does by specify name Goody great and Goody Osburn (the 2 women Putnam had actually previously argued as witch candidates).

Act 4: Tituba is in the jail with Sarah Good, acting together if she really much to trust in the Devil. She and also Goody good are hustled out by Herrick to make way for the judges.

Susanna Walcott

Susanna functions for physician Griggs and is explained by Miller together "a small younger 보다 Abigail, a nervous, hurried girl" (p. 8). Eventually, she joins in through Abigail, Betty, Mercy, and also Mary as the "afflicted girls" that accuse others of witchcraft.

Act 1: Susanna tells Reverend Parris that medical professional Griggs is pertained to Betty’s condition is superordinary in beginning (p. 9).

Act 2: Susanna has actually become part of the team of accusers; is just one of the civilization Mary Warren states would’ve experienced Mary sewing the poppet in court (p. 72).

Act 3: Susanna joins in v Abigail and also Mercy in accusing mar Warren that bewitching castle via Mary’s bird-shaped heart (p. 107).

steve p2008/used under CC through 2.0/Cropped from original.

Mercy Lewis

Mercy is a maid to the Putnams and seems to it is in the details caretaker of Ruth. She likewise appears friendly through Abigail Williams (which provides sense, as they were dancing in the woods together) and also contemptuous of mar Warren. Mercy is described by Miller as "a fat, sly, mercilessgirl of eighteen" (p. 16).

Act 1: Mercy has come to the Parris residence to find out those going on. She gets to confer with Abigail around getting their story straight about what occurred in the woods (since Mercy was apparently running roughly naked in the woods) prior to she"s sent away to gain Doctor Griggs because that Ruth.

Act 3: Mercy is among the girl in court that accuses mary Warren the bewitching castle via Mary’s bird-shaped heart (p. 106).

Act 4: Parris claims that that believes Mercy has run away through his niece, Abigail Williams (p. 116).

Mrs. Ann Putnam

Also recognized As: Goody Putnam, Goody Ann

Ann Putnam is wife to thomas Putnam and the mother of the afflicted Ruth (who we never ever see onstage) and also seven various other dead children (who we likewise never view onstage — because they"re dead). There shows up to be part friction in between her and also Rebecca Nurse, possibly due to the fact that Rebecca Nurse has countless living children and grandchildren when Ann only has the one child; it likewise seems that Rebecca may have chided Ann in the previous for not being up to snuff (p. 36):

Let God reference me, no you, no you, Rebecca! okay not have you judging me any more!

Miller further explains Ann as being “a twisted heart of forty-five, a death-ridden woman, haunted by dreams” (p. 12). So plainly the woman has actually some issues.

Act 1: Ann pertains to the Parris family members to find out what’s going on and also report the her daughter is gift afflicted through something maybe supernatural. She knows that the cause of she daughter"s illness is miscellaneous supernatural because she sent out her daughter to Tituba to uncover out (via superordinary means) who murdered Ann’s various other seven children in infancy.

Ann is ready and willing to believe any kind of explanation for why her children died except that it to be natural reasons (understandable because that a grieving mother). She seizes eagerly ~ above Tituba’s saying the Goody Osburn to be a witch, saying, “I knew it! Goody Osburn to be midwife to me three times. I begged you, Thomas, did i not? ns begged him no to call Osburn due to the fact that I feared her. My babies always shriveled in her hands!” (p. 44).

Thomas Putnam

Thomas Putnam is husband to Ann Putnam and father of the afflicted Ruth. Described by Miller as "a well-to-do, hard-handed landowner, near fifty" (p. 12) and also "deeply embittered" through "a vindictive nature" (p. 14), Putnam has quarrels with nearly every major (male) character who appears onstage in this play. That dislikes Francis and Rebecca Nurse (since their family helped block Putnam’s candidate for minister), Reverend Parris (since he acquired the job rather of Putnam’s brother-in-law), john Proctor (because he is chopping down wood that cutting board Putnam to trust rightfully belongs to him), and also Giles Corey (because Corey accuses that of conspiring v his daughter Ruth come kill another man for his land).

Act 1: Putnam urges Parris come investigate feasible supernatural causes of Betty’s (and his daughter Ruth’s) ailments. Fearbut intimates (via phase directions) that Putnam no necessarily think in witchcraft – he simply is in search of a method to obtain power and/or do Parris do something dumb that he deserve to then exploit: “at the moment he is intent upon acquiring Parris, because that whom he has actually only contempt, to move toward the abyss” (p. 14).

Act 3: Putnam briefly reflects up in court to say that Giles’ accusations against him space a lie (p.89).

Francis Nurse

Francis is the husband the accused witch Rebecca Nurse and friends with Giles Corey and John Proctor. Francis is described by Miller together "one of those males for who both political parties of the argument had to have respect," return "as he progressively paid because that and raised his society status, there were those that resented his rise" (p. 24). Basically, Francis is seen as a fair and also upstanding citizens of Salem, back there are some that resent his social-climbing. Through one of Miller"s character essays, we discover that Francis is component of the faction that opposed cutting board Putnam’s candidate for minister that Salem (p. 24), which led to poor feelings in between the two families (that may have urged the accusations that Rebecca as a witch).

Act 2: Francis allows the Proctors know his wife’s in jail and charged with supernatural murder (p. 67).

Act 3: Francis appears in court to existing evidence the the girls’ fraud jointly through John Proctor and also Giles Corey (p. 80); bring a petition signed by next-door neighbors attesting come his wife’s good name the is then supplied by the court together a resource for arrest warrants, lot to Francis’s horror (p. 87)

Sarah Good

Also known As: Goody Good

The first woman to be accused that witchcraft in Salem, Sarah an excellent is described by Elizabeth Proctor as “Goody great that sleeps in ditches” (p. 58).

Act 1: cutting board Putnam floats her name as a feasible witch (p. 43); Tituba climate picks increase on this priming and also names her together a co-conspirator (p. 44), followed shortly by Abby (p. 45)

Act 2: mar Warren reports the Sarah an excellent confessed to attacking the girl supernaturally and also so won’t hang; also, buy it is pregnant at period 60.

Act 4: The first (and only) time Sarah good appears onstage is at the beginning of this act: she is hanging out v Tituba in the jail, exhilaration a small crazy, and also seeming to check out the Devil. It"s unclear whether she think the evil one is actual or if she’s just playing along at this suggest because she doesn"t have anything to lose and also won"t be hanged since she"s confessed and also is pregnant.


The Court Officials

Besides the general residents that Salem, The Crucible additionally has the characters affiliated in the “legal” component of the witch trials and also the “justice” system.

Ezekiel Cheever

Cheever was initially an “honest tailor” (p. 69) however by the moment of his figure in the play (in plot 2) has become “a salesman of the court” (p. 68). Elizabeth that he "knows well" (p. 50), however by the moment of the trials that is clear that he is no longer held in fairly as high esteem ("You"ll burn for this, perform you understand it?", p. 69).

Act 2: Cheever pertains to arrest Elizabeth Proctor ~ above orders from the court; the is encouraged of she guilt when he find a poppet v a needle stuck in the (p. 70), and also isn"t willing to believe other explanations because that it, also though mary Warren plainly states the she"s the one who made the poppet and stuck the needle in it.

Act 3: Cheever testifies about his endure with Goody Proctor and John Proctor in the previous action (finding the poppet after ~ Elizabeth denied keeping them, john ripping increase the arrest warrant); despite he prefaces his testimony through an apology come Proctor

Marshal Herrick

Herrick is the marshal because that the court mechanism in Salem, i beg your pardon is to say that he is the human sent to gather up prisoners, stop world from leaving the court and also from attacking other people in the court, and also lead judge witches to it is in hanged.

Act 2: along with Cheever, Herrick pertains to the Proctors" residence to take it Elizabeth Proctor away to the jail, as per assignment of the court.

Act 3: Herrick vouches for john Proctor’s character (p. 86) and also acts together the arm of the court (he stops Proctor from attacking Abigail, stops Abigail indigenous leaving as soon as she’s accused that whorishness, and is asked to take it Proctor and also Corey come jail).

Act 4: Herrick drunkenly clears Sarah good and Tituba the end of on cell of the jail come make way for the judges’ conversation with Parris and also Hale. He additionally shepherds the detainees (Elizabeth Proctor, john Proctor, and Rebecca Nurse) ago and forth in between the cells, the main room, and also (ultimately) the gallows.

Judge Hathorne

Judge Hathorne is a Salem judge presiding over the witchcraft trials. Explained by fearbut in the stage directions as “a bitter, remorseless Salem judge” (p. 78), Hathorne stays up to the depiction in both word and also deed – he mirrors no mercy to the accused witches or their families and is always willing to think the worst of people. Judge Hathorne shows up in action 3 and also 4 the The Crucible.

Act 3: Hathorne is really concerned through all civilians reflecting the ideal respect to the court and the regulation (although he"s less shrill around it 보다 Parris is).

Act 4: Hathorne concerns the jail to confer v Danforth; he is puzzled by and suspicious the why Hale is back, disapproves of Parris’s increasingly “unsteady” and wishy-washy demeanor (p. 115), and also seems come think everyone is filled with “high satisfaction” (p. 117) at the hangings of the witches.

Fun fact: The personality of referee Hathorne is based on the historical Hathorne that was therefore reviled the his descendant, writer Nathaniel Hawthorne (The Scarlet Letter, residence of the seven Gables), adjusted the spelling of his last surname to avoid being associated with him.

Deputy governor Danforth

At the time of the events in the play, Danforth is the Deputy governor of the entire province (of Massachusetts). Danforth oversees every one of the court proceedings in the play together the greatest legal authority. He is explained by Miller together "a grave guy in his sixties, of some humor and sophistication that do not, however, interfere with an accurate loyalty come his position and also his cause" (p. 79). While nobody in the play appears to choose him, exactly, the does command respect from many of the characters, at least at first - as the beat continues and it i do not care clear that Danforth is much more concerned around procedure 보다 justice, characters (including Giles Corey and also John Proctor) vocally display their ns of respect because that Danforth.

Act 3: The audience very first sees Danforth in his place as the presiding court judge for the witch trials. Danforth is not swayed by emotion however is swayed by the girls’ demonstrations of witchcraft (perhaps due to the fact that he can see it through his very own eyes, feeling their clammy skin, etc). The mix of his dispassionate questioning and his id in witchcraft means that what logically adheres to is the ordering the arrests that everyone who signed the petition affirming the good characters the Rebecca Nurse and also Martha Corey, stop Giles in contempt the court, and ordering Proctor’s arrest.

Act 4: Danforth filling the audience in top top what has actually been walking on in Salem between Acts 3 and 4. He continues to absence detectable emotions and also base his decision on legality (e.g. It i will not ~ be same to postpone the hangings of these witches due to the fact that we currently hanged others) instead of morality (we must avoid killing people unless certain necessary and unless every other opportunities have to be exhausted). As soon as he senses that man Proctor might not be completely aboveboard in his confession, he alerts that if Proctor is lying around being a witch, climate he can"t avoid Proctor from hanging; as soon as Proctor rips increase his confession, Danforth feels no qualms about sending him come the gallows (p. 134):

Hang castle high over the town! who weeps for these, weeps because that corruption! He sweeps out previous them.


A guard in ~ the Salem jail that helps Herrick clear Tituba and Goody an excellent out of the room come make way for Danforth in plot 4. Hopkins doesn’t even get a an initial name, and only has actually one heat (p.113) - he"s mostly there to announce Danforth"s arrival.


Unseen characters in The Crucible

There room several characters in The Crucible who don’t actually present up onstage yet still play critical role in the play. In one case, a character in reality has more lines indigenous offstage (Martha Corey) than one more character does on stage (Hopkins), when in other situations these offstage, unseen personalities are used to relocate along the activity of the play.

Martha Corey

Martha Corey is the (third) mam of Giles Corey, accused the witchcraft straight by Walcott (and indirect by Giles himself). We discover through Francis Nurse the Martha Corey is highly thought of in city - or in ~ least, she was till she to be accused the witchcraft (p. 67):

...Martha Corey, over there cannot it is in a woman closer however to God than Martha.

While Martha never appears onstage, she is discussed in all four acts and also has 3 offstage present in plot 3.

Act 1: Giles very first brings up his suspicions the Martha"s bookishness is somehow bring about him to falter at his prayers (despite the reality that he just started regularly going to church when he married her, and also so "it didn"t take much to do him stumble end " (p. 38).

Act 2: Giles reports the Martha"s to be taken away after Walcott accuses her of bewitching his pigs; Giles explains that that didn’t typical to imply his wife was a witch due to the fact that she read books (even though that is for sure what that implied).

Act 3: Martha is heard native offstage being doubted by referee Hathorne around witchcraft at the opened of the act; later, she is mentioned as being one of two accused witches that 91 people declared their great opinion the in a petition (p. 86-87).

Act 4: Martha is pointed out as one of the accused witches Hale is trying to convince to confess; later, once John Proctor asks if Martha’s confessed, Elizabeth confirms the “he will not” (p. 125).

Ruth Putnam

The only surviving child of Thomas and also Ann Putnam, Ruth, like Betty Parris, shows indicators of gift bewitched. Follow to Ruth"s parents, Ruth was sent by her mother to Tituba to figure out who supernaturally murdered Ruth"s seven dead infant siblings; this is no doubt the reason why Ruth "never waked this morning, however her eyes open and she walks, and hears naught, watch naught, and cannot eat" (p. 13). When she never shows up onstage, Ruth (and she strange illness) is supplied in absentia to corroborate the presence of some mythological evil in Salem throughout Act 1.

Ruth is only brought up again a pair of times throughout the rest of the play: in act 3, the audience learns the Ruth is stated to have accused George Jacobs of gift a witch (p. 89), and that she is not in the court as soon as John Proctor brings mar Warren to challenge the other girls (p. 94).

Sarah Osburn

Also known As: Goody Osburn

The name of Goody Osburn first comes up in act 1, when she is argued by cutting board Putnam together a possible witch (p. 43). This tip is climate corroborated by the accusations that Tituba (p. 44) and also Abigail Williams (p. 45). In plot 2, we discover that good Osburn is the first witch to be condemned to cave in Salem (p. 54). We likewise learn the it"s not all that surprising the someone would accuse Goody Osburn of gift a witch, since she is “drunk and half-witted” (p.58).

George Jacobs

In the very first act of The Crucible, George Jacobs is called as a witch by Betty Parris (p. 45). His surname briefly come up in action 2 as the owner that a heifer john Proctor is thinking about buying for his wife (p. 48), however it is not till Act 3 that he becomes an ext important. In action 3, Giles Corey alleges the he"s heard the Ruth Putnam accused George Jacobs that witchcraft due to the fact that convicted witches forfeit their property, and also the only person who has enough money to buy up the property just so wake up to it is in Ruth’s father, thomas Putnam (p. 89):

...the work daughter cried out on Jacobs, he stated she’d given him a same gift that land...

The accusation that Ruth had basically handed her father George Jacobs" building by accusing that of witchcraft, however, is never brought to trial due to the fact that Giles refuses to disclose the name of the human being who told him around Putnam"s words; therefore, George Jacobs becomes the indirect reason of Giles gift arrested for contempt that court (and, ultimately, pressed come death).

Bridget Bishop

Also known As: Goody Bishop

Bridget Bishop is a tavern proprietor in Salem (p. 4) and is the very first witch called by Abigail who wasn’t additionally named by Tituba (p. 45). Goody Bishop"s main duty inThe Crucible is as a contrast to Rebecca Nurse; to illustrate just how the world hanged previously in the play were of reduced moral character 보다 those collection to hang during Act 4, Parris mentions just how Bridget “lived three year with Bishop before she married him” (p. 117).

Doctor Griggs

Doctor Griggs is mentioned in plot 1 together the male Parris has consulted through to find out what’s wrong v Betty (p. 8) and in act 2 together the male who confirms Sarah an excellent is pregnant (p. 56). He"s additionally the employee of Susanna Walcott.

Other human being Mentioned in The Crucible

In enhancement to every the personalities who we"ve previously discussed, over there are additionally several other human being mentioned over the course of the play. Some of these names are valuable to know due to the fact that they offer context come character relationships that shape how events unfold in The Crucible (for instance, James Bayley is the brother-in-law the Putnam who was pass over because that minister of Salem because of opposition by other townspeople, including Francis Nurse, which causes negative blood between the 2 families). Several of the various other names can be beneficial if your teacher asks friend to perform off civilization accused that witchcraft end the course of the play, or come list human being who accused others of witchcraft.

Whatever the reason, if you desire a perform of every name mentioned in The Crucible, we"re below for you: see listed below for the nittiest-of-the-grittiest table of all the named world in The Crucible.




Mr. Collins

Reports seeing Betty Parris flying.

p. 12


Owns the barn end which Betty Parris is stated to have actually flown.

p. 12

James Bayley

Brother-in-law of cutting board Putnam who was prevent from becoming minister the Salem by “a faction” (including Francis Nurse & family).

p. 13

John Putnam

Brother of cutting board Putnam who assisted Thomas prison George Burroughs.

p. 14

George Burroughs

Minister that Salem jailed for debts he didn’t owe by Thomas and John Putnam (possibly the end of spite since Burroughs came to be minister wherein Bayley wasn’t able to)

p. 14

Edward Putnam

Signer that the an initial complaint against Rebecca Nurse; brothers of cutting board Putnam.

p. 25

Jonathan Putnam

Signer the the very first complaint versus Rebecca Nurse; brothers of thomas Putnam.

p. 25

Goody Howe

Accused of being a witch by Betty Parris.

p. 45

Martha Bellows

Accused of being a witch by Betty Parris.

p. 45

Goody Sibber

Accused of gift a witch through Abigail Williams.

p. 45

Alice Barrow

Accused of being a witch through Betty Parris.

p. 45

Goody Hawkins

Accused of gift a witch by Abigail Williams.

p. 46

Goody Bibber

Accused of being a witch by Betty Parris.

p. 46

Goody Booth

Accused of gift a witch by Abigail Williams.

p. 46


Son of Elizabeth and John Proctor. Is no the person who snared the rabbit eaten for dinner through John and Elizabeth in action 2.

p. 48


Father or various other relative of Susanna Walcott. Accuses Martha Corey that witchcraft against his pigs.

p. 68

Judge Stoughton

Judge at the Salem witch trials.

p. 86

Judge Sewall

Judge at the Salem witch trials.

p. 86

Mr. Lewis

Father of Mercy Lewis; reports he assumed his daughter was remaining over v Abigail Williams for a night.

p. 116

Isaac Ward

Drunk Salem resides hanged as a witch; man Proctor is contrasted favorably come him.

p. 117

Goody Ballard

Named by Elizabeth Proctor as someone who confessed to gift a witch.

p. 124

Isaiah Goodkind

Named by Elizabeth Proctor as someone who confessed to gift a witch.

p. 124

Common conversation Topics because that The Crucible Characters

Now you understand all around the characters in The Crucible. However what can you be asked around them? below are some usual essay questions/discussion topics about characters in The Crucible. Practice answering them for you yourself to obtain a deeper understanding of the beat (even if her teachers don"t end up asking you these details questions).

Choose a character who you think could represent a certain "type" the person. In your essay, controversy which type of person this character represents. Use evidence from the pat to support your claims. Be sure to describe why Arthur Miller can have chosen to have this character represent this form of person.Compare and also contrast Elizabeth Proctor and also Abigail Williams. Exactly how is every woman affected by her position in the Puritan theocracy that Salem?How carry out different characters serve together foils because that each other (e.g. Elizabeth and Abigail, Hale and Danforth)?How perform characters change throughout the play, namely man Proctor, mar Warren, and also Reverend Hale?How does John and also Elizabeth Proctor’s partnership drive the play?Choose one personality from The Crucible. Then, argue whether their actions throughout the drama are selfish or sacrificial. Are they heroic or villainous?Was Proctor’s decision not to confess foolish or noble? Is john Proctor a tragic hero? Is The Crucible as a entirety a tragedy?How does john Proctor’s dilemma change over the food of the play?Can we completely blame Abigail because that the occasions in the play?

For more about just how to write effectively around the characters of The Crucible, be certain to check out our article on character evaluation in The Crucible.

What’s Next?

Looking for specific character analyses from The Crucible? We’ve got in-depth guides to man Proctor, Abigail Williams, mar Warren, Giles Corey, and also Rebecca Nurse on our chathamtownfc.net.

See more: Which Elements Have Complete Outer Shells Periodic Table Basics?

Want a synopsis of the play"s action? then be sure to check out our full plot summary of The Crucible.

Are girlfriend wondering, “What themes walk this play cover? Is McCarthyism in which method involved?” Find out with our discussions of The Crucible themes and also McCarthyism in The Crucible!