Some that Mondrian’s friends arranged an exhibition of his works at the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam ~ above the occasion of his 50th birthday. It was a retrospective development of his paintings, tracing the path from his starts in the Dutch timeless style to his abstract paintings, firmly developing the artist’s pivotal role in the international art world’s relocate toward abstraction. He had reached his goal, but he did no stand still: he ongoing to explore the relationship in between lines and also blocks the colour, achieve an ever-increasing purity in his paintings.

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Although the did not exhibit frequently and rarely organized a one-man show, in the at an early stage 1930s he became affiliated v Cercle et Carré and with Abstraction-Création, both of which were prominent international teams of artist who advocated and exhibited abstract art. In 1934 the met the American artist bother Holtzman and the English painter Ben Nicholson. Nicholson urged him come publish his essay “Plastic Art and also Pure Plastic Art,” Mondrian’s an initial essay in English, in the global publication Circle, of which Nicholson to be coeditor. In this way, Mondrian’s concepts continued to get an even more comprehensive audience. When Mondrian decided to leaving Paris in 1938, under the zero of the intrusion of Czechoslovakia by Adolf Hitler, that was welcomed in London by members that the Circle group. For 2 years the worked and lived in a London suburb, yet the bombardment the the city compelled him to flee to brand-new York City in 1940, where he was welcomed by Holtzman, the arts collector Peggy Guggenheim, art critic and museum manager James Johnson Sweeney, and also other members the the American imaginative vanguard.


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There, Mondrian’s style gotten in its critical phase. Throughout the 1930s, Mondrian’s occupational had come to be increasingly severe. Inspired by his regained freedom, brand-new York City’s pulsating life, and the brand-new rhythms that American music, after ~ 1940 he broke away very first from the austere patterns of black lines, instead of them with coloured bands. Then, in ar of the constant flow of these bands, that substituted a series of small rectangles that coalesced right into a rhythmic flow of colourful vertical and also horizontal lines. His so late masterpieces—New York City I and also Broadway Boogie Woogie, displayed in 1943–44, in his an initial personal exhibition in more than 2 decades—express this brand-new vivacity through the autonomous, joyous movement of colour blocks. Lifebuoy by his hope because that a better future, Mondrian started his Victory Boogie Woogie in 1942; it stayed unfinished once he gave in to pneumonia in 1944.


Composition in White, Black, and also Red, oil ~ above canvas by Piet Mondrian, 1936; in the Museum of modern Art, new York City. 102.2 cm × 104.1 cm.

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The consistent advance of Mondrian’s art toward finish abstraction was superb feat in the background of modern art, and his job-related foreshadowed the rise of abstract art in the 1940s and ’50s. Yet his arts goes beyond merely aesthetic considerations: his find for harmony with his painting has an moral significance. Rooted in a strictly puritan heritage of dutch Calvinism and inspired through his theosophical beliefs, the continually strove for purity throughout his lengthy career, a purity ideal explained by the double meaning of the dutch word schoon, which way both “clean” and “beautiful.” Mondrian made decision the strict and rigid language of directly line and pure colour come produce very first of all severe purity, and on one more level, a Utopia of superb clarity and also force. When, in 1920, Mondrian specialized Le Néo-plasticisme to “future men,” his dedication implied the art can be a guide to humanity, that it deserve to move beyond depicting the casual, arbitrary facts of everyday appearance and substitute in its place a new, harmonious check out of life.