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You are watching: The sum of protons and neutrons in an atom is called the


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Atoms room the smallest pieces of issue that retain your chemical identity. Atoms contain a number of particles, consisting of protons, neutrons and also electrons. Among these, protons room positively charged, while electrons room negatively charged and neutrons room neutrally charged. The protons and also neutrons exist within the nucleus, while electrons are...


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Atoms space the smallest pieces of matter that retain your chemical identity. Atoms contain a number of particles, including protons, neutrons and electrons. Amongst these, protons room positively charged, if electrons are negatively charged and also neutrons room neutrally charged. The protons and also neutrons exist in ~ the nucleus, while electrons room located exterior it. 

Each element is defined by two terms: atomic number and also mass number. The atom number is the exact same as the variety of protons in the nucleus. Mass number, on the other hand, is the sum total of protons and neutrons of one atom.

To determine the variety of protons and also neutrons in the atoms of a given element, we need to recognize the atomic number and also mass variety of the element. Making use of that information, we can discover the variety of protons and also neutrons as:

number of proton = atom number

number of neutrons = mass number - number of protons

Hope this helps.

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