Note: practice quizzes are easily accessible only because that those sections of the hand-operated covering rules of the roadway (Chapters 4 with 11 and also Road Signs).

You are watching: The first ability to be impaired by alcohol is


You have probably heard the facts prior to - driving while impaired or intoxicated is a significant traffic safety problem in the united States. In brand-new York State, much more than 40 percent of every highway deaths show off impaired driving. But the facts and statistics perform not call the whole story. Behind the numbers space thousands the lives cut short, permanent or disabling injuries, and families devastated because someone drove while under the influence of alcohol or other drugs.

When girlfriend drink alcohol or take other drugs, safe driving is no possible. No every impaired or intoxicated driver reasons a web traffic crash, but each one is dangerous, putting the stays of himself or herself and those share the road at risk.

Young people, who have actually less experience with alcohol or drugs and also driving, space at high risk. Drivers under age 21 are around 4 percent of the steering population, but 7 percent that the impaired drivers affiliated in deadly crashes. This is one reason the driver patent revocation penalties are more severe because that young vehicle drivers who drive under the influence of alcohol or other drugs.

Because control "under the influence" is therefore dangerous, the penalties for alcohol or drug-related violations space tough and also enforcement is important. The opportunity of apprehension and conviction are high and brand-new York State legislation strictly limits your capacity to plea bargain once charged through an offense regarded alcohol or drugs.


Alcohol delays her reaction time, reduces your capability to view clearly, transforms your referee of speed and also distances, frequently makes you much less inhibited and also makes you more prone to take it chances. The important an abilities you must drive safely room made weaker.

Because your vision is normally limited at night, it is particularly dangerous to drink and drive ~ dark. Alcohol also reduces your capability to recover from the glare the headlights. When another vehicle moves towards you, you can be blinded through its headlights for a long duration of time.

You perform not need to look or feeling intoxicated because that these things to occur. The symptoms of alcohol usage can begin long prior to you end up being intoxicated or even legally impaired and begin with the very first drink.

As alcohol physically borders your capacity to drive, it likewise makes girlfriend less conscious of what is continue to your safe driving abilities. It becomes complicated for you to judge her condition. Girlfriend can gain confidence about driving, when you should not be driving in ~ all.

During every mile girlfriend drive, you make hundreds of decisions. Your decisions turn into actions that keep your car controlled and also ensure you protect against crashes. Alcohol provides it difficult to make correct decisions and also to take the most safe actions.

For example: You have actually just quit at a stop sign. Friend see another vehicle pull close the intersection. Friend must easily make a decision whether it is for sure to go v the intersection. Under the influence of alcohol, you are much more likely to make a not correct decision and also "take a chance.” Your slow reaction time, and the negative decision, could reason a crash.



Drugs, which encompass prescription and over-the-counter medications, can impact your capacity to drive. They can have effects similar to alcohol or even worse. If you take medication, even a remedy because that colds or allergies that is not prescribed, examine the brand for warnings about its effects. If you room unsure, questioning your doctor or pharmacist around driving when on the medication.

Never drink alcohol when you are taking other drugs. It might be dangerous, often enhancing the impacts of the alcohol and the other drug. Because that example, taking one drink while girlfriend are additionally using a cold remedy could influence you as lot as number of drinks.

It deserve to be a criminal violation to drive while impaired through the effect of drugs,alcohol, or the combination of alcohol and drugs, consisting of cannabis, marijuana, and/or illegal drugs such as but not restricted to cocaine, LSD, heroin, opium, and also by some prescription drugs. Drugs can affect your reflexes, judgment, vision and also alertness in ways comparable to alcohol and also they may have other dangerous effects as well.

A mix of alcohol and other drugs severely reduces your capacity to drive and also can cause serious health problems, i beg your pardon can encompass death.


ALCOHOL, various other DRUGS and THE LAW

In brand-new York State, you can be arrested because that of these offenses: aggravated driving if intoxicated (Agg-DWI), driving if intoxicated (DWI), driving with a blood alcohol content of .08 percent or an ext (.08 BAC), driving while capacity impaired through a drug (DWAI-drug), steering while capacity impaired by alcohol (DWAI), or driving under the linked influence the alcohol and drugs.

Blood alcohol contents (BAC) is the percentage of alcohol in her blood and is normally established by a chemical test of breath, blood, pee or saliva. A BAC of an ext than .05 percent is legal evidence that you are impaired, a BAC of .08 percent or greater is proof of intoxication, and a BAC that .18 percent or an ext is evidence of aggravated driving while intoxicated. human being think chemistry test proof is forced to prove you were intoxicated or impaired. However, the of a police officer around the means you drive, your appearance and behavior when arrested can carry out enough evidence to judge you, even without a chemistry test.

If you are found guilty that alcohol or drug-related violation, the court should revoke or suspend your driver license once you are sentenced. Also if the court permits you to continue driving because that 20 days, your driver license will certainly be take away immediately.

The BAC standards and also penalties for commercial chauffeurs are also tougher 보다 those suggested in this chapter. For complete information, see section 1 the the advertisement Driver"s manual (CDL-10).



Your blood alcohol contents (BAC) counts on:

How lot alcohol friend drink.How much time passes between drinks.Your weight.

Your BAC does not depend on the type of beverage you drink, how fit you space or exactly how you can "hold your liquor."

Different varieties of drinks carry out not affect you differently. The is the amount of alcohol girlfriend consume, not whether the is in beer, wine or liquor the raises her BAC and reduces your driving ability. These drinks contain around the exact same amount the alcohol - 1 1/2 ounces of liquor, 5 ounces of wine, 12 ounces of beer and 12 ounces of wine cooler. None is "safer to drink" 보다 the others.

For a 150-pound male , each one of these drinks has enough alcohol to increase his BAC by about .02 percent. On average, that takes the body around one hour to remove that lot alcohol. Studies suggest that a woman will take much longer to process and eliminate alcohol indigenous the blood. This can cause a higher BAC over a longer duration of time.


Compared come the 150-pound male explained above, your body weight can make some difference in the BAC and also the impacts of alcohol. No one has immunity to the effects of alcohol. That is a straightforward fact: the much more you drink in a given duration of time, the greater your BAC will be and also the much less safe you will certainly drive.

It takes only a couple of drinks to boost your BAC to level at which the is illegal come drive. And remember, the impacts of alcohol on your capability to drive begin at also lower BAC level after simply one drink.

Eating prior to or while girlfriend drink helps sluggish the absorption of alcohol somewhat, yet it have the right to not stop intoxication or special needs if you have too lot to drink.

The only method to successfully reduce your BAC is to not drink over a period of time. Coffee, exercise and also cold showers cannot mitigate your BAC and also the results of alcohol. Castle can assist you continue to be awake, but it deserve to not readjust your BAC or make you sober.



Chemical tests use blood, breath, urine or saliva to measure the BAC that a person. If you space arrested because that an alcohol or drug-related violation, the police officer will likely request the you send to a chemical test. Under new York"s "Implied Consent" law, once you journey a auto in this state friend are taken into consideration to have already given your consent to take this type of test.

Chemical test refusal is a separate issue from whether you to be guilty of one alcohol or drug-related violation. If you refuse to take it the check after gift arrested, your driver license will certainly be suspended when you room arraigned in court on the alcohol or various other drug-related charge. In addition, the reality that you refuse a chemistry test deserve to be carried up in court as soon as you space tried on the alcohol or drug-related charge. If a hearing later confirms you refused the test, your driver license will be revoked even if girlfriend are found not guilty the the alcohol or various other drug-related violation. Because that information about driver patent revocations and also civil penalties for chemical test refusals, see Alcohol and also Drug driving Violations.





1st offense (Misdemeanor)Minimum $1,000 preferably $2,500Up come 1 yearMinimum 1-Year Revocation
2nd Offense (Class E Within 10 YearsMinimum $1,000 Maximum $5,000Up come 4 yearsMinimum 18-Month Revocation


1st violation (Misdemeanor)Minimum $500 Maximum $1,000Up to 1 yearMinimum 6-Month Revocation (DWI); Minimum 6-Month Suspension (DWAI-D)
2nd Offense (Class E in ~ 10 YearsMinimum $1,000 Maximum $5,000Up come 4 year (DWI & DWAI-D); minimum 5 work jail or 30 job of community business (for DWI within prior 5 years)Minimum 1-Year Revocation


1st Offense (Misdemeanor)Minimum $500  preferably $1,000Up to 1 yearMinimum 6-Month Revocation
2nd Offense (Class E Within 10 YearsMinimum $1,000  best $5,000Up to 4 yearsMinimum 1-Year Revocation


DRIVING WHILE capacity IMPAIREDDWAI (more 보다 .05 as much as .07 Blood Alcohol content )CONVICTIONFINE just * JAIL SENTENCEREQUIRED LICENSE ACTION **
1st Offense  (Traffic Infraction)Minimum $300  preferably $500Up to 15 days90-day Suspension
2nd Offense (Traffic Infraction)Within 5 years Minimum $500  preferably $750Up come 30 daysMinimum 6-Month Revocation

NOTE: greater fines, much longer jail sentences, and increased patent penalties (including lifetime revocation) may an outcome from a 3rd or subsequent conviction in ~ 10 years.

Conviction fine only, walk not include mandatory surcharge or crime victims aid fee.

** The room of motor Vehicles determines when your license deserve to be returned. The return or reinstatement based on state law or regulation, is no automatic. You should reapply for her license and also may need to pass a test.

NOTE: license actions for those under age 21 space different.



The table "Penalties because that Alcohol/Drug associated Violations" explains fines, surcharges, patent penalties and feasible imprisonment if you space convicted of one alcohol or drug-related violation. Impaired or intoxicated driving can additionally have various other serious results.

Repeat Offenders

Drivers v repeat dangerous control convictions in new York State face one of the toughest licensing plans in the nation. This regulations speak to for:

Lifetime record Review by will review the lifetime record the all drivers who use to have actually a license reinstated ~ a revocation.Truly permanent License Revocation because that Persistently Drunk & Dangerous Drivers: after conducting a life time record review, will certainly application for reinstatement the a license after revocation if the applicant has:

• 5 or an ext alcohol or drug associated driving convictions in the applicant"s lifetime, or

• three or an ext alcohol or drug connected driving convictions in the 25 year watch back duration plus at least one various other serious steering offense throughout that period. A severe driving offense includes: a fatal crash, a driving-related penal law conviction, an accumulation of 20 or much more points assessed because that driving violations in ~ the 25 year look at back duration or having two or much more driving convictions during the 25 year look ago period, every worth 5 points or more.

Delayed Re-Licensing, control Restrictions, & Interlocks for other Drivers with repetitive Alcohol- or Drug-Related steering Convictions: for those drivers seek reinstatement that a license after revocation who have three or four alcohol- or drug-related control convictions but no significant driving offense in the 25 year look ago period, will:

• your applications for five years past their statutory revocation period if the applicant"s patent was revoked because that an alcohol- or drug-related offense; or two extr years if the applicant"s license was revoked because that a reason other than one alcohol or drug connected offense;

• restore the applicant"s license after that additional period as a "restricted" license limiting the applicant"s steering to, because that example, travel to and also from work or clinical visits; and

• Require one interlock device on the vehicle driven through the applicant for five years from the day of the interlock machine installation.

End the reduction of mandatory Suspension or Revocation Periods: Previously, repeat drunk vehicle drivers whose licenses have been revoked or suspended might get their full driving privileges earlier in as small as seven weeks by completing"s Impaired Driver Program."s new regulations will ensure that those drivers cannot attain their driving privileges until their complete term that suspension or revocation has actually ended.Zero tolerance for vehicle drivers Under period 21

The legit purchase and possession period for beverages include alcohol in brand-new York State is 21. Under the state"s "zero tolerance" law, it is a violation for a person under 21 to drive through BAC that have the right to be measure (.02 to .07). ~ a detect of violation is figured out at a hearing, the driver license will be exposed for six months. The driver then should pay a $100 suspension discontinuation fee and a $125 civil penalty to be re-licensed. For a second Zero tolerance violation, the driver license will be revoked because that at the very least one year or until the driver get 21, whichever is longer.

Illegal acquisition Of Beverages include Alcohol

When you usage a driver license or Non-Driver id card as proof of period to illegally purchase beverages the contain alcohol, state regulation requires the suspension of your driver license or privilege to use for a license.

Open Container Law

It is a traffic infraction for a driver or passenger in a motor car on a public highway, street or road to drink a beverage comprise alcohol or to have actually a beverage containing alcohol. It is likewise a traffic infraction because that a driver or passenger in a motor car on a windy highway, street or roadway to burn marajuana or cannabis. The penalty because that a first conviction is a fine as much as $150, a obligated surcharge, a crime victim aid fee, and possible imprisonment the 15 days. Added offenses in ~ 18 months bring greater penalties. The law exempts passenger in vehicles like stretch limousines and other vehicles that display a commerce certificate or permit issued through the U.S. Department of Transportation or the chathamtownfc.netS room of Transportation.

The Ignition Interlock Program and Leandra"s Law

Courts should order all persons convicted of driving when intoxicated or aggravated driving when intoxicated, or that a penal law of which an alcohol related violation the provision of ar 1192 that the car & Traffic law is an important element come install and also maintain an ignition interlock top top vehicle owned or operated by such driver for at the very least 12 months. (This device, purchased and installed in ~ the cost of the motorist, is linked to a motor vehicle ignition system and measures the alcohol content of the breath the the driver. The auto cannot be started until the driver offers an acceptable sample breath.) The 12 month requirement may be waived by the court if the defendant demonstrates that the interlock maker was set up for at the very least six months, uneven the court assignment the interlock an equipment to be mounted for a longer period of time. The judge additionally must order an alcohol assessment because that a repeat offender. If the assessment indicates alcohol therapy is necessary, the judge might be compelled to bespeak the completion of therapy as a problem of probation.

Drivers who commit these alcohol-related offenses v a kid under 16 years old in the automobile may be charged with a class E, punishable by up to four years in prison. (This is recognized as Leandra’s Law.)

The law also makes the a to journey drunk v a conditional license, i m sorry is a license that may be authorize by the as soon as someone is judge of one alcohol-related offense. Together a license may be supplied only because that driving to and also from crucial destinations such as school, work and also medical appointments. The conditional driver license will be revoked if the motorist does not comply with the court terms or for a conviction for web traffic offense except parking, protecting against or standing.




If you death or cause an injury to an additional person since of an alcohol or various other drug-related violation, you can be convicted of criminally negligent homicide, automobile manslaughter or assault. These bring a well of thousands of dollars and also a best jail ax of 15 years.If you drive while your patent is exposed or revoked, you challenge a mandatory well of $200 to $1000, and also a obligated jail term or probation. If impaired or intoxicated as soon as you room arrested, the maximum mandatory good is $5,000 and the automobile can it is in seized.Liability insurance might not cover the price of injuries and damage indigenous a website traffic crash. You might be sue for countless dollars and also you would uncover it complicated and expensive to buy liability insurance for numerous years.Besides fines and surcharges, girlfriend could also face costly legal fees.You might have a criminal record, which renders it more difficult to acquire a job or move forward in her job.




You room not most likely to worry around the results of your actions while you space impaired or intoxicated. The time to consider them, and also how to stop them, is prior to you become impaired or intoxicated.

See more: 2004 Dodge Stratus Gas Tank Size, 2004 Dodge Stratus R/T Specs & Colors

If you walk to occasions with the same team of friends, rotate drivers. Each girlfriend takes a rotate being the "designated driver" that does not drink alcohol.Arrange to stay overnight or ride house with a friend who does no drink. Before friend drink, provide your automobile keys to a friend that does not drink and also who will certainly not let you journey after friend drink.Call a cab or usage public transportation.Drink slowly. Alternative between drinks with alcohol and also drinks there is no alcohol.Do not make alcohol the focus of your event. If you have had too much alcohol, protect against drinking several hours before you intended to leaving so your body can start to lower your BAC.Do no consume (e.g. Smoke, vape, eat, etc) Marajuana or Cannabis prior to driving.


Before you relocate on to thing 10, make certain you deserve to answer this questions:

How go drunk driving rank together a highway safety problem?What are the results of alcohol on the skills you should drive?Which of this drugs could influence your capacity to drive: marijuana, a cold remedy, a tranquilizer?If you take it a non-prescription drug, what have to you do before you drive?What is a likely result when girlfriend take another drug while friend drink beverages comprise alcohol?On what three conditions does your blood alcohol contents (BAC) depend?Which of this contains more alcohol than the other three: 1 1/2 ounces (30 ml) the 80 evidence liquor, 5 ounces (120 ml) wine, 12 ounces (360 ml) that beer, 12 ounces (360 ml) that wine-cooler?On average, how long does the take your body to eliminate the alcohol contained in 12 ounces that beer?What is the just effective technique to reduce your BAC?What wake up to her driver patent if girlfriend refuse a chemical test?Other 보다 fines, activity against your driver license and a possible jail term, what are several of the results as soon as you journey under the influence of alcohol or various other drugs?