The Dutch colonization of brand-new Netherland (which consisted of parts that present-day new York, Delaware, new Jersey and Connecticut) began in the 1620s. Indigenous the outset, new Netherland was a multiethnic, multireligious society: about half of the population was Dutch and the remainder had French, Germans, Scandinavians, and tiny numbers of Jews indigenous Brazil. Inhabitants were attractive to the colony’s promises of freedom of worship, neighborhood self-government, and cost-free land that would remain tax-exempt because that ten years.

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Between 1652 and also 1674, the Dutch and English dealt with three navy wars, battling for prominence in shipping and trade. England’s Charles II promised brand-new Netherland to his brother, James, duke of York. In might 1664 James dispatched Colonel Richard Nicolls to seize the colony. 3 hundred soldiers from 4 warships went ashore on lengthy Island in August and also moved west to Brooklyn, enlisting assistance from the English towns on lengthy Island and also distributing handbills ahead of the proceeding troops giving fair therapy for those who surrendered.

Nicolls approached Peter Stuyvesant, the Dutch governor of brand-new Netherland, promising the in return for surrender the inhabitants would "peaceably enjoy whatsoever oh my god blessing and also their own ethical industry have actually furnished castle with and also all other privileges with his majesty’s English subjects." Stuyvesant, who favored resistance, tried come convince brand-new Amsterdam’s merchants and leaders to store news that Nicolls’s lenient surrender state secret. Lock balked, and Stuyvesant was required to surrender the colony, despite under terms the he, the merchants, and also leaders agreed upon with Nicolls.

The "Articles, Whereupon the Citty and also Fort Amsterdam and also the province of the new Netherlands were Surrendered" to be remarkably generous. The netherlands were enabled to remain on their land, spiritual freedom to be upheld, and also the pubs stayed open. These terms, coupled with brand-new Netherland’s multiculturalism, had actually a lasting influence on the personality of brand-new York City.

A full transcript is available.


Wee consent the the states Generall, or the West India firm shall openly enjoy all ffarms & homes (except together as space in the fforts) and that within six months castle shall have totally free Liberty come transport, all such arms and also ammunition as now do belong come them, or else they shall it is in payd because that them.2. Every publick homes shall proceed for the uses, wch. Currently they are for.3. All civilization shall continue totally free Denizons and enjoy their Lands, Houses, Goods, Ships, wherever they room within this Country, and dispose the them as they please.4. If any kind of Inhabitant have a mind to eliminate himself that shall have a year and six mainly from now to remove himself, Wife, Children, Servts. Goods and also to dispose the his soil here.5. If any kind of officer that State of publick Minister the State have a mind to walk for England they shall be transported fraught complimentary in His Ma.t’s ffriggatts, as soon as those ffriggats candlestick returne thither.6. The is consented to, that any kind of people may openly come indigenous the Netherlands and plant in this Country; and that dutch Vessells may freely come hither, and any the the dutch may freely return home, or send any sort that Merchandises residence in Vessells of their own Country.7. Every ships indigenous the Netherlands or any other places, and also goods therin, shall be received here & sent out hence, after the manner, wch. Formerly they were before our comes hither for six months following ensuing.8. The Dutch right here shall reap their Liberty of your Consciences in magnificent Worship and Church Dissipline.9. No Dutchman below or dutch Ship below shall upon any kind of occasion be prest to offer in Warr against any country whatsoever.10. That the Townesman the the Manhattoo shall not have any type of Soldiers quartered upon lock wth.out being satisfied and also payd for them, by your officers, and also that in ~ this present, if the ffort be not qualified of lodging all the Soldiers, climate the Burge master by His policemans shall appoint some House capable to ree them.11. The Dutch right here shall enjoy their own Customes concerning their Inheritances.12. All publick writings and also Records wch. Comes to the Inheritances of any people, or the Regulment of the Church or poor or Orphans candlestick bee carefully kept by them in whose hands now they are, and such works as an especially concern the states generall all may att any time be sent to them.13. No Judgement that hath passed any type of Judicature right here shall be called in question, yet if any type of conceive the he hath not had Justice excellent him, if hee use himself to the claims Generall, the various other party shall punishment bound to answer because that the an alleged Injury.14. If any type of Dutch living here shall att any kind of time desire come travell or traffique into England or any kind of place or Plantation in obedience come His Maty the England, or with the ind he shall have (upon his request to the Govr.) a Certificate the he is a cost-free Denizon that this Place, and also Liberty to perform so...

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concerns for discussion

Read the document introduction and also transcript and apply your knowledge of American background in order to answer these questions.

From the net or the library acquire a existing map that the five boroughs of brand-new York City. Situate place names (streets, communities, geographical sites) ~ above the map that suggest a link to the Dutch existence 400 years ago.Considering their long military and also economic rivalry, how deserve to you define the generous terms of surrender readily available to the netherlands by the English?If you had been a resident of the district of the new Netherlands, would certainly you have actually left or stayed when the English take it over? explain your response.Select and explain three items in the paper which suggest the English intention no to upset the “status quo”. Why carry out you think this items were included?A printer-friendly version is availablehttps://www.chathamtownfc.net/sites/default/files/inline-pdfs/00377_FPS…; title="here">here.