Relics of St. Therese that Lisieux: native the Archives that the Lisieux Carmel, eyewitness account of the exhumations the the relics and also their return toCarmel


For October 19, 2010, the 13th anniversary of the proclamation the St. Therese the Lisieux together a Doctor the the Church and also the 2nd anniversary of the beatification of Louis and Zelie Martin in ~ Lisieux, i am happy to present, by gracious permission of the Archives that the Lisieux Carmel, an English translation of accounts of the exhumations that the relics of St. Therese (1910 and also 1917) and their solemn translation to the Carmel (March 26, 1923). Courtesy of the Carmel"s archives, lock are illustrated with photographs the the ceremonies in 1917 and 1923.

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Eyewitness account of the Exhumations the the Relics the St. Therese that Lisieux

Introduction

sister Thérèse was hidden in the cemetery of Lisieux ~ above October 4, 1897. Listed below is a photograph of her tomb in the Carmelite plot; this picture was taken prior to her body to be exhumed in 1910.

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The first tomb that Sister Therese that the kid Jesus, photographed prior to the 1910 exhumation of she body

In 1910, the diocesan procedure for her beatification was introduced. Follow to the normal course that the process, it was interrupted ~ above September 6, 1910 for the exhumation of her body, which had been deposited in the cemetery. Her remains--that is, all the bones, since nothing rather remained other than some debris that flesh and also clothing—were then placed in a new casket in order come ensure a far better state that preservation, and were interred close to her initial grave.

throughout 1915, the Apostolic process began, complied with by a more exhumation on respectable 9 and 10, 1917. An oak and also lead coffin was placed in the ground inside a an easy brick vault. Then, in ~ the mortuary chapel of the Lisieux cemetery, the true acknowledgment of the continues to be took place. The bones were cleaned the the soil deposited on them between 1897 and 1910; they were closely wrapped in fine linen come be transferred again right into a small carved oak receptacle (1m 20X 0,40 X 0,30). This new receptacle was placed in a brand-new sealed rosewood casket, and also everything to be reburied in the brick vault in the exact same cemetery. It to be not until the Beatification was officially announced the the solemn and definitive translate into of the human body of sister Thérèse to the Carmelite chapel took place on march 26, 1923.

now nothing that St. Thérèse’s body stays in the Lisieux cemetery. The stays of her body, solemnly known according to a detailed and also official linguistic report, to be destined come repose from climate on in the Chapel that the Carmel the Lisieux, where transforms had taken location to prepare because that the Beatification, notably the construction of a small chapel built top top one side, named the “Chapelle de la Chasse” (the chapel that the tomb). This chapel contains a shrine comprise a statue of St. Thérèse asleep in death. The frosting is referred to as the holy Body. Within this statue are sealed several of the skeleton of the saint. The remaining bones room underneath the statue, inside the tomb, to which workers have accessibility from the rear once it is essential to remove the relics. The bones space enclosed in the “Brazilian reliquary,” a tiny gilded reliquary available by the faithful that Brazil.

Given the well-known devotion come St. Thérèse and also her relics, details bones were donated in 1923 (to the holy Father, come the Bishop that Bayeux), and a relic was saved for the basilica which to be to it is in constructed. The cornerstone that the Basilica to be laid in 1929; the Basilica to be consecrated in 1954. The bones of St. Thérèse’s appropriate forearm, i m sorry was taken into consideration the “human instrument” the Story that a Soul, space displayed and venerated in a an ideal reliquary in the Basilica.

one more component that this story: a windy exposition of the relics i m sorry takes place every year during the celebrations in so late September leading approximately the feast of St. Thérèse ~ above October1. The “Brazilian reliquary” is solemnly carried from the Carmel to the Basilica for a prayer vigil. The following day, the last Sunday of September, a Pontifical mass is celebrated in the existence of the relics. During the afternoon, the small reliquary is lugged from the Basilica to the Cathedral of St. Pierre in Lisieux; later on it is went back to the Carmel. The relics themselves room not visible; only the reliquary can be seen.

St. Thérèse was proclaimed patroness that France in 1944. To celebrate this occasion, the reliquary was venerated by the faithful in Paris in 1945. In 1947 the relics traveled into countless dioceses throughout France.

for the year 1997, the centenary the the death of St. Thérèse, there was a brand-new demand that the reliquary can travel: Paris, Lyon, Marseille, urban that Thérèse herself had travelled through throughout her expedition to Rome in 1887. This visits had a totally unexpected impact; the relics were sought the end in plenty of journeys crisscrossing France, Belgium . . .

then there was an influx of requests native abroad. This to be an chance to reflect on what had actually taken place, taking into account the inherent risks of such trips to the truth of the relics: a totality year in Brazil; six months in Italy; 4 months in the joined States; 3 months in the Philippines and Hong Kong, etc. It to be no longer a concern of sending out all the relics. Through the permission the the Vatican and under the supervision, just a portion of the relics were moved to a reliquary of valuable wood, an exact replica the the “Brazilian reliquary” v the same dimensions, but not gilded.

the course, relics space constantly requested: because that priests, churches, altars, the faithful, who want to possess a small fragment the bone (given an ext and much more rarely because one cannot break the large bones); hair, clothes etc. . . . The need is just about constant from about the world. Relics, in a canonical sense, room the continues to be of the body of the saints. Souvenirs or various other objects space not, strictly speaking, “relics.” One must also exclude all the released “writings.” The initial manuscripts Thérèse wrote space scrupulously conserved in the Archives of the Lisieux Carmel; they never ever leave it.

First Exhumation

On September 6, 1910 at the Cemetery the Lisieux

Translated from:

Extract:

Some of the graces and healings attributed to the intercession of the servant of God sister Thérèse that the kid Jesus, shower of Roses, 1911

Appendix the the exhumations, pp. 103-109

plenty of times during her last illness, sisters Thérèse that the boy Jesus had announced that, according to she desire, ~ her death one would find only she bones.

“You have loved God for this reason much, he will do wonders for you; we will uncover your body incorrupt,” a novice told her shortly before her death. This idea appeared to pains her, and also she answered somewhat sadly “Oh, no; not that kind of wonder! That would be a leave from my little means of humility; tiny souls must uncover nothing come envy in me, therefore you have the right to expect to find nothing but a skeleton.»<1>

The exhumation the the remains of the servant of God, done in order to guarantee their preservation, not to disclose them for veneration by the faithful, took ar on September6, 1910. Us tried to keep the issue a secret, but it was nevertheless well sufficient known to enable a few hundred people to hasten to the cemetery.

Monseigneur Lemonnier, the Bishop the Bayeux and Lisieux; Monsignor de Teil, the vice-postulator of the Cause; Canons Quirié and also Dubosq, vicars general; and many priests, consisting of all the members of the Tribunal assigned come hear the beatification process, to be present.

The job-related of exhumation presented plenty of difficulties. The coffin had actually been hidden at a depth the 3m. 50 and also was in a really poor condition An professional in these kinds of maneuvers command it. The coffin threatened to collapse, so, to create an man-made support come sustain it, he slid planks under the coffin. Climate he covering it all in huge canvases supported by solid straps. With lot time and anxiety, we thrived in pulling up the coffin there is no incident. As it showed up before his eyes, the Bishop, in a tremble voice, sang the tune of David praising the Lord who will “draw the humble indigenous the dust to seat them v the princes that his people.” and while the priests chanted the Laudate pueri Dominum, one noticed, with the disjointed planks, the palm leaf, every green and also fresh together it to be on October 4, 1897, the job it was an initial placed top top the virginal human body of the servant of God.<2> to be this no the immortal symbol of the palm she had actually won by the martyrdom of she heart? This topic of martyrdom of which she wrote: “The palm the Agnes is necessary for the lamb . . . And if this is not with blood, climate it needs to be through love.»<3>

we then opened the coffin. Two workers, father and son, who stood nearby, sensed in that minute a sweet and strong scent of violets the no natural reason could explain. They were deeply moved by this. One of these workers was the carpenter that made the coffins.<4>

The clothing appeared in order, it also seemed preserved, however this was just an appearance. The wimple and also veils to be gone; the large homespun scapular the the Carmelites had actually lost every consistency and tore quickly without effort. Finally, together the humble child had actually wished, we discovered nothing the her however her bones!

one of the doctors current wanted to offer a parcel of the bones to Monseigneur Lemonnier, however His grace opposed it and forbade that even the smallest portion be bring away away. He accepted only the tiny boxwood cross that had actually been inserted in the hands of the maid of God.

The old coffin was then placed in a brand-new coffin, i m sorry was put in a lead coffin. Climate the body was covered with a brand-new habit that had actually been all set for it, and the head extended with a veil crowned with roses, the last picked indigenous the rose bushes that the Carmel which so regularly the angelic Thérèse had actually thrown at the feet that Calvary in the cloister garden.

at this time, by the bespeak of Monseigneur Lemonnier, to please the silent crowd that had actually gathered and was standing in the cemetery, we gotten rid of the canvases that covert the tiny Carmelite enclosure, and also the coffin was put on trestles in former of the gated door. For three quarters of an hour, the world never stopped handling in to pray, to touch pious objects come the human body of sister Thérèse. Monseigneur Lemonnier, the Bishop the Bayeux, to be the an initial to touch the bones, v a piece of violet silk fabric he himself had lugged for this purpose. Workers were viewed bringing forth their wedding bands to touch them come the relics. All those who worked for the exhumation appeared imbued through respect. We estimate that about five hundred people venerated the stays after a three-hour wait.

one extraordinary supernatural expression, a feeling that castle were no masters, attacked the assistants. The spirit of sisters Thérèse, without a doubt, hovered near her mortal body, happy to sell to her Creator the annihilation of she physical being. One felt that something grand was happening, miscellaneous solemn. In spite of the dismal and humiliating realities of the tomb, the souls present, instead of gift bewildered, troubled, or cooled in their faith and their love, top top the contradictory felt your veneration flourish in fervor and also in tenderness.

When the procession had actually ended, an official report composed on parchment paper, stamped v the arms of Bishop Lemonnier, to be enclosed in a metal tube and placed in the command coffin. The coffin to be then closed. Top top its covering is welded a plate through the inscription:

Sister Thérèse of the kid of Jesus and the divine Face.

Marie-Francoise Thérèse Martin

1873-1897

The exact same text can be review on a copper plate attached come the oak coffin. Two fingerprints from every of the seals the Monseigneur Lemonnier and Monseigneur de Teil were affixed top top the four corners of the welded sections of the command coffin. It only remained come secure the oak cover. A couple of steps native the first grave, a new grave to be dug, just two meter deep, wherein we had actually prepared a brick vault to the exact same dimensions the the coffin. Bishop Lemonnier, ~ above his arrival, had blessed the new grave. The precious remains were lowered.

In the evening, the planks eliminated from the coffin, part pieces of clothing, and the palm leaf, i beg your pardon the indiscreet devotion the the workers had actually torn into shreds, were brought earlier to the Carmel. The sisters charged with collecting this items smelled the odor of roses twice. The parcels of clothing and the casket offered out a scent of incense.

one more plank, detached indigenous the peak of the casket, which might not be discovered that very same day, was found eight work later and brought to the monastery. The portress who had uncovered it, doubting the authenticity a little, begged sister Thérèse of the kid Jesus to manifest a visible sign. She to be heard, for numerous sisters who had actually not been warned were embalmed through a marvelous scent of incense that came from that plank; among them sensed it at a far distance.

however the tender love of St. Thérèse still want to comfort those who love she by giving them a striking picture of the fullness that life she is enjoy it in heaven. One of the souls she has favored in the situation of her celestial communications, and who is very esteemed through pious and enlightened priests, testified under oath come the truth of the complying with narrative.

This person strongly wanted to to visit the exhumation and had plan on inquiring regarding when it would certainly take place. She believed it was not to be for some time yet. ~ above the night ~ the exhumation, the night between September 6 and 7th 1910, she had actually a vision. In her vision, she observed a large crowd that she take it at an initial to be a triumphal procession and a very solemn funeral. “Then,” she said, “I witnessed a young virgin radiating light. Her garments of snow and also gold sparkled everywhere. I can not distinguish her features, together they to be imbued through light. Native a reclining position, she elevated herself up, seeming come come out of a shroud of light through a child’s candor and also smile, she placed her arms around me and also gave me a kiss. At this heavenly touch I appeared to it is in in an ocean of purity, and I was drinking from the source of eternal joy. I perform not have actually words to express the strongness of life that emanated indigenous her totality being. Everything about her said without a word, by an inexpressible radiance of tenderness, how, in God, the home of limitless love, the blessed love in heaven.”

Unaware of what was happening in Lisieux, the happy privileged one inquiry herself who this young virgin was. Why did she show up to her the end of a shroud while lying in bed? 3 days later, reading in La Croix the story of the exhumation, she was soon particular that it to be Sister Thérèse who involved tell her of the event, and also she went instantly to say thanks to her at her tomb.

however it was not enough for the maid of God to provide to hers this evidence of affection, to have actually told her as the angel said to mar Magdalene; “Why do you look among the dead because that one that is living? She still want to make assures for the future.

on September 5th, the night of the exhumation, she appeared to the Reverend mother Prioress of a Carmelite convent abroad, and, announcing to her that one would uncover nothing yet her bones, “just bones,” she had foretold the wonders that would occur next. The Reverend mommy summarizes it favor this: “These blessed bones will make stunning miracles and will be powerful weapons against evil.”

A few weeks later, the result of the exhumation came to the awareness the a professor in ~ the college of X, a man of an excellent intellectual achievement, of an eminent piety and, moreover, really favored by the servant of God through all type of graces throughout the much more than ten years he had known her. First of all, he was saddened that the human body of the angelic virgin had decomposed choose everyone else’s. Together he gave in to his melancholy thoughts, the heard an internal voice price him: “It to be the dress of mine day’s occupational that ns threw off. I await the robe that the eternal Sunday; I do not care what wake up to the other.”

“And so,” that said, “I had a light the consoled me, I taken that this dissolved will spread atoms of her body everywhere, in such a method that not only her soul but additionally something of she body can be present and also do great on earth.

It seems to me, indeed, all that really belonged come the body of a saint is a relic. If this is so, not just her skeleton but additionally the invisible molecules of issue can carry in castle the elegant of relics.”Is it not the answer come this desire therefore poetically expressed:

Lord, on your altars an ext than one new rose Likes come shine. It offers itself to you ….. But I dream the something rather To it is in unpetalled!...»<5>

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The second exhumation and also recognition that the continues to be of the servant of God, Thérèse of the child Jesus.

Translated fromRemembrance the the second exhumations and also closure of the Apostolic procedure of sister Thérèse that the son Jesus, in the Diocese that Bayeux, not paginated.

View this article about the second exhumatkion that the human body of St. Therese the Lisieux and the photos here.

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Translation the the Relics from the cemetery to the monastery the Lisieux Carmel<6>

On march 26, 1923

Extracted indigenous a brown leather edged, but an extremely thin top, bound publication stored in the Glorification cabinet. Title on the edge: St. Th her beatification EJ

Across the City

LISIEUX had actually never prior to known such excitement together existed in ~ its wall surfaces on the morning of in march 26, 1923, Monday of divine Week. Because yesterday, travelers indigenous every direction had been putting relentlessly out of the train station: pilgrims from Paris, Lorraine, Switzerland, England, Anjou, Belgium and even the brand-new World. They spread out through the decorated town.

There, on every sides, the decorations space nearing completion. The is truly a small picturesque town v its Norman gabled roofs, framed by climbed garlands, waving flags and banners in the breeze, and also banners bearing engravings which, here and also there, swing throughout the avenues. All the encounters are happy. You feeling enveloped in an atomosphere the faith and piety, and, prior to the free-flowering facades of the houses, one can take to helping to awaken a mythological spring. Yet for whom is the feast being prepared? Which sovereign is quickly to be acclaimed here? Whom perform all the foreigners pertained to escort?

asking the crowd which is climbing the course to the cemetery: who sleeps up there on the hillside?

Ah! The pole that this unsure attraction, the mysterious magnet to which all eyes and hearts converge today, is the humble tomb up there, huddled under that is white dress in a little enclosure.

A simple cross point out it with this name: “Thérèse of the son Jesus,” and, below, the promise: “I desire to spend my sky doing an excellent on earth.” that is all. Yet the virgin--a child--who is free from these slabs has conquered the world, to win a reputation empire.

tiny flower, as soon as blossoming in the shadow of the altar, however soon withered by death, she has, by her mystical fragrance, embalmed the universe. The Church to be moved. She studied the an enig of she life, without being able to counting her miracles, and, this evening, she comes to claim from the planet her treasure come enshrine the forever on she altars.

This is why, throughout these last days, the group presented itself constantly around this tomb; why, yesterday, the pilgrims crowded around it through a redoubled fervor, passionate to take it home any scrap of flowers, of the earth, or some other souvenir the this ar consecrated by so countless favors.

Of all ranks, of all ages, workers, females of the world, an easy housewives, they had actually succeeded over there on the ceiling ground, soaked up in your imploring invocations. Then, before leaving, countless had kissed the ground, which for part moments still, maintained “their dear small sister Thérèse”.

that night, once the hour concerned close the doors, not the the smallest ornamentation continued to be on the site. The numerous wreathes and also the miscellaneous ex-voto disappeared: all had end up being the food of renowned devotion.

however today, native the very first hour, the cemetery is closed come the public. Police officers guard the entrance; castle permit only those stop cards of join to enter. The chapel the the Carmel is likewise closed, so the pious crowd, urged by a laugh sun, diffusion throughout the city of sister Thérèse. The civilization go come Les Buissonets, the “gracious colony of her childhood;” come the churches she once frequented; to the Benedictine Abbey wherein she do her an initial Communion. Yet the group gathers mostly at the Carmel gate to contemplate in the courtyard, to the left the the facade, the white marble statue, therefore expressive in that monastic simplicity, which represents the divine Carmelite covering her crucifix v roses. (This statue is the occupational of a monk indigenous the Grande-Trappe de Montagne, the Reverend father Marie Bernard): the flowers spread approximately the stone base, prefer a storm of love and trust. Finally, many groups pushing along the path up the steep that boundaries the cemetery are quickly invaded. Castle move into the surrounding areas with chairs and provisions, solved to await for lengthy hours, and also often in prayer, the i of the cortege.

At the Cemetery

Up over there at the tomb, the dig diggers have gone to work since dawn to clear the vault for the exhumation.

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While they room digging throughout the morning, here comes a tiny invalid’s wheelchair. The is a young girl of twelve years old, enduring from Pott’s disease, whose parents, at the price of much fatigue, transported by express indigenous Angers, because that this distinctive day, in order to implore for she a cure. She entered the cemetery enclosure brought in the eight of she godmother. Soon the workers stopped their work. So, v the confidence of straightforward hearts who attain miracles, this woman approaches the trench; she lays she dear load where just 30 centimeters of floor still separates the child from the coffin. And she prays with a touching fervor . . . ~ a few minutes the poor little body, just folded back in on itself, relaxes, and the child, who for countless months had been unable to walk, took her first steps close to the beneficent Carmelite. Meanwhile, the job-related resumed.

around 11:00 a.m. The slabs appear, but no order was offered to eliminate them prior to the clergy and the magistrates arrive. Nevertheless, the employees unsealed five huge stones. The punch of a chisel produced a crack. A gravedigger straightens self up and asks, “Is any kind of one of girlfriend wearing perfume?” And, v a negative response from those around, he proceeds his work. Soon, the sweet odor grows stronger; the workers, the police officers and also the constables, affirm: the intermittent scent was undeniable; it was a very characteristic odor of fresh roses. Dr. Lesigne, the market of Lisieux, that wanted to manage the laborers:. “Mr. Mayor, carry out you not feeling a smell of roses?”

at this moment, a more penetrating fragrance came from the tomb. The magistrate can not refuse the proof attested to by many other witnesses. “It is true,” the responds; “we absolutely placed flowers in the vault.<7>”

Yes, the was put there, a flower in the vault, yet not in ~ all as intended through the municipal representative; it was Thérèse, the fragrant rose, who delivered some fragrances of paradise come the land. This mysterious phenomenon ongoing for about three-quarters of an hour, then, this evening, throughout the procession, it will be happen again for a couple of privileged ones.

roughly noon, the clergy began to to fill the cemetery: castle alone, because that the moment, were admitted, in addition to the polite authorities and the representatives of the press, these previous personifying the nuances of the most varied public opinions, since it is among the attributes of the sanctity that Sister Thérèse to be sympathetic to every parties/sides. At twelve-thirty,Monseigneur Lemonnier, Bishop the Bayeux and Lisieux, arrived, put on the pastoral stole of cloth of gold and also the big purple cape, followed by the representative of the divine See, the Reverend father Rodrigo of Saint Francis that Paola, Discalced Carmelite, Postulator the the Cause; the Rev. Father Constantin that the Immaculate Conception, Provincial the the Carmelite friars in France; and also the Rev. Fajella, general Postulator of the reason of the culture of Jesus. The Bishop take away his chair on the chair besides the trench, from whereby he deserve to follow the last job-related of the exhumation.

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By his side was standing the vicars general, Labutte, Dean that the Chapter and also Archdeacon of Bayeux; Quirié, Archdeacon the Lisieux and Vice-President of the Tribunal comprised in 1910 for the “Process informatif” the the Cause: Theophile Duboscq, exceptional of the major Seminary and also Promoter that the Faith, responsible because that ensuring the strictly observance the the canonical rules; Briere, Chancellor that the Bishop. This last is sit at a little table, because that drafting the plot of the linguistic report that the plot that would certainly be accomplished.

Standing near Monsigneur, one could likewise see the representative the the polite authority, M.Louis Lebihan, Police Commissioner of the city that Lisieux, assisted by one agent. A little bit behind to be a couple of favoured ones: the extern sister of the Carmel, for example; Canon Treche, manager of the Diocesan Works, which took a leading part in the company of the day; M. Anquetil, Deputy of the lower Seine River, etc. . . .

The Ecclesiastical Tribunal remained in session; the formalities compelled by the apostolic Constitution were to it is in fulfilled. The Church has actually the scruples that the truth, and there is hardly any kind of human school that might rival she for factual guarantees.

After reading the linguistic report that the last exhumation of respectable 9 and also 10, 1917, us heard the testimony that witnesses.

M. Pierre Derrien, the sacristan of Carmel, who takes care, in this capacity, the the maintenance of the tombs of the Community, and also M. Duhamel, caretaker that the Cemetery, in which he functioned for numerous years, recognized, under oath, the identification of the dig of sisters Thérèse that the son Jesus. The gravediggers and also marble employees make the very same testimony, they likewise undertake to faithful execute the orders i beg your pardon they will be given. They every then it is registered their signatures top top the challenge of this declarations, automatically written. We could then proceed to open up the vault.

But before that, Monseigneur rises and, in a serious and solemn voice, pronounces significant excommunication, specially booked to the can be fried Pontiff, versus whomever removes or add to anything to the stays of the Venerable servant of God who is about to be exhumed. The five stone slabs are then quickly removed; they permit us to find beneath a layer of charcoal dust, the thick iron beams which clogged the complete cement, formed over the vulnerable deposit of an impregnable fortress.

while we occupational to relax them, the doors of the cemetery had been opened, and also the pilgrims, in great numbers, overflow ito all components of the land that the stole dams enable them to occupy. The is a woodland of heads that currently emerge above the fence. Everyone rushes in order not to avoid absent the decisive minute of see the coffin appear.

Ropes room slipped come the bottom that the vault. Six gentlemen the the city grab them. Then, acquisition every precaution and with unlimited respect, they carry to the surface ar the rosewood box v silver handle which has the venerated skeletal of the divine Carmelite.

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The minute was impressive. The silence was more complete: seized by an extreme emotion, each human being meditates and prays. Top top a copper plaque appears the inscription:

HIC

OSSA DEI ANCILLAE

A TERESIAE PUERO JESU

DEPOSITE SUNTER

DIE DECIMA AUCUSTI

MCMXVII

HERE

THE skeletal OF THE servant OF GOD

THÉRÈSE that THE boy JESUS

WERE DEPOSITED

AUGUST 10

1917

The priceless bier, an extremely heavy with its inside lining of lead, is not damaged. Once the ribbons approximately it space spread out, the wax seals affixed 6 years back are intact. With very white linens, we use ourselves come rid it of the dust that covers it. Immediately, hand are hosted out to reclaim the cloths used in this procedure, and also offer in exchange various other linens that, in your turn, become priceless souvenirs that we share eagerly.

throughout this time, Monseigneur provides the essential instructions come his clergy. He invites them come come automatically to take, in the key avenue and before the carriage, the locations reserved because that them. He climate orders the 2 choirs, as soon as the procession departs, come chant the Psalms of the usual of Virgins. The transfer, follow to the ecclesiastical laws, might not this particular day include any singing, any type of songs, or any bells ringing, because the Church has actually not officially authorized the cult of the Blessed.

In the end, the coffin, clean and also bright once more, obtain again the legit seal that the Commissioner of Police; then pious laymen, who claimed this honor, lift and carry the coffin.

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Preceded by the Bishop, envoys native Rome, and senior dignitaries the the diocese, it left the tiny piece of soil that had served together an asylum for twenty-five years. It descends the procedures of the tiny brick entrance and ascends into the avenue come the roundabout whereby the carriage is waiting to command it come Carmel.

climate it seemed that nature wanted to give the virginal body a brilliant and supreme “adieu.” A fiery sun blazes on the horizon, lighting up the beautiful valley of the Orbiquet River that encircles, v all that is charm, the cemetery of Lisieux. All is bright and sweet in this springtime setting, and, over the glorified skeletal of the holy saint the purest rays develop a halo. Finally, the carriage moves, the tiny Queen departs forever, performing her last expedition in splendor.

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The carriage which is to lug her earlier through the city and also to her resting place is completely covered in white. That is a hearse, however everything is new, choose the tomb of the resurrection. The whiteness of its canopy and also its plumes, the wealthy embroidery of its hangings, the laugh portraits that the lovely Carmelite, which appear instead that the usual crests, give it the illustration of a triumphal chariot. That is attracted by four white horses, outfitted in the exact same color and guided by soldiers bedecked in uniform. The coffin is veiled by a magnificent cloth of gold, lined through red silk the the sun likes to make sparkle. Came before by the clergy and also followed automatically by the family, the carriage advances to the cemetery gate. It is there the the procession is arranged in its definitive form.

The Procession

In the front, behind the police officers and also those in charge of ensuring free access to the path, room the ceremonial security of Saint-Jacques Parish with the cross-bearer and acolytes. After castle come the boys from the Christian schools of the city, the members that Patronages, through trumpets and also flags, and the gymnastic societies of Lisieux. Then the students native the various boarding schools for girls.

Nothing together graceful as the white appearance of the little orphans who follow them, pull on in roman inn tunics v a gold halo in their hair, the guys holding palms and also the tiny irls lilies. “They resemble,” said a witness, “the youngsters who, on the canvases of the masters, accompany the last journey of St. Cecilia come the Catacombs.”

Behind them, here now are the Congregations that the Blessed Virgin v their banners, blue ribbons and white veils; the young Catholic women, etc. Then, the choir boys, much more than one hundred and also twenty grouped in two rows on every side that the road, the young people in red cassocks and capes, the older ones in long robes with cinctures of cloth of gold. And finally, the clergy: practically three hundred priests of the diocese, in choir dress; the canons the Evreux and also Seez; plenty of priests that Paris; members of practically all the dioceses of France, belong to different levels that the Ecclesiastical hierarchy. The American continent, itself, shows up in the person of number of of its priests. Adhering to them, religious in all habits, members of every the religious families: Franciscans, Dominicans, Fathers of the Assumption, Praemonstreans, Trappists, Jesuits, Discalced Carmelites . . . In the center of the path are the identified prelates in violet dapes: the Bishop Crispin, exceptional of the Chaplains the Montmartre; Bishop Moses Cagnac, Canon the the Metropolis that Bourges, bordering His Excellency Mgr. Chauvin, Bishop the Evreux, who was additionally accompanied by his Chancellor and the Canon Archpriest that his Cathedral.

Behind, we recognize the Reverend father Postulator, the Provincial of the Carmelites the France, and his Secretary. Finally, presiding over the imposing procession appears between his 2 archdeacons and immediately before the carriage, Bishop Lemonnier, draped in the majestic breadth of his good cape. The carriage, ah! the heavenly vision! It’s yes, really her, in her snow-white, who attracts every gazes and all thoughts, who provides all mind beat through the most religious emotion.

Upon she passing, silence reigned, solemn and also pregnant. Heads space bent, eyelids moisten, plenty of a knee bends, and we pray through a consisted of fervor the is even an ext striking. In the dense crowd, coming from the four corners of the world and from every levels of the social ladder, the very same supernatural breath envelops all souls numerous graces are obtained, unforgettable impressions felt. “When i was ~ above the road to the cemetery,” claimed a mrs of the world, a Parisienne, “I saw my tiny Thérèse appear. I dropped to my knees and also begged her to give me the conversion of my husband. The dear saint answer me. I had actually the joy for Easter of taking him come the holy table, the who had not approached the Sacraments for more than thirty years. “The tiny Sister to be there among us,” attested a few. “We prayed, us felt dourselves etached indigenous the earth,” confessed others. “It was a foretaste the heaven...”says one old veteran.

In the middle of the twelve nuns, who, top top either side of the carriage, offered as assistants, Thérèse advanced, come the pleasure of all. That is an episode of the Apocalypse, a scene of the procession the the victorious Lamb.

frame the virginal troop, this other flower the the historic crown of the Church, the Knighthood, is likewise honored. Accompanying the nuns and protecting lock against feasible turmoil in the crowd, the parade included in their ar the warrior police officers who rushed approximately the borders of Lorraine to type a glorious hedge roughly their “ tenderness protector the the Battlefields.” Behind the carriage come the household of the Blessed, through Madame LaNeele, her maternal cousin, in the place of honor. After ~ the household pressed members of all the spiritual communities in the city: the small Sisters of the Poor, the Hospitalers, the sisters of Providence, the Mercy, that the Refuge, etc. . . . Then, through martial footsteps, proud dressed in their khaki uniforms, right here are the American soldiers. Flags in former sported through Captain Huffer, Vice-Commander of the American Legion of Paris, rifle top top his shoulder, they space there on behalf of their great country to bear witness to the “Little Flower of Jesus” the the devotion that attaches to her memory, under there, in the new World, and yet, few of them room of the good news religion. . . .

we recognize one more twenty delegations of all kinds and from all sources . . . The Catholic railwaymen, for example, v their many-colored banners; the college student of the college of St. Francis de Sales, that Evreux; the members the the French Remembrance, that the Catholic combination of French youth. Every these phalanxes of young people and men recite the rosary, as they execute from the first row come the people earlier on the leaf of the sidewalk. And to complete it, following a huge crowd which presses in vast rows. The parade stretches for more than two kilometers.

that progresses to the sound the the Hail Mary, in a extensive recollection; that is a unique show. For this almost improvised consciousness (because till the last days serious difficulties pertained to hamper it), organized in haste, in i beg your pardon one hears no music, no singing, no bells, or anything that excites famous enthusiasm; because that this ceremony whereby one hears the murmur that prayers, fifty thousand people flocked. They room there, gathered in the same piety surrounding the stays of this boy whom soon, in ~ the signal of the Church, all voices will speak to Blessed, but that the heart alone deserve to acclaim today. It is the triumph the faith. Renan said in his researches of religious History: “Holiness is a kind of city finished favor so many others. There will still it is in saints canonized in Rome, however there will certainly be no more canonized by the people.” could one imagine a an ext vivid denial than the show f that day? . . . But, together though come give much more weight come the rebuttal, for, as usual, nobody is a prophet in his country, that world admired, the is here, through the faithful of the whole world, even the world of Lisieux, those who saw Thérèse flourish up and also die.

*

transparent the course, a significant crowd gathered; the grassy slopes the border exterior the city, the road to the cemetery road, disappearing under the swarm of faithful, where ever a man can grab on, the did. There, on a steep to the side, stand a pilgrim from the area. ~ an operation, he totally lost the ability to relocate his ideal arm. Therefore he involved find the “little saint” in the expect of gift cured. Below is the carriage. The throws his quiet prayer towards it and the “little Queen” answers him . . . When he goes under the hill, he have the right to again move the aching limb, and, the following day, he is fit to resume his work, i beg your pardon he had abandoned for lengthy weeks. Still others will prevail tonight, the an enig of your cure. Such as this one bad wounded solider indigenous the war, that for the critical fifteen months, after successive operations, can no longer walk, suddenly recovered the usage of his legs in Lisieux. And this lady that came indigenous Paris with a severe stomach affliction which no longer enabled her to absorb food there is no pain, was revitalized and able to eat normally. Together as, finally, this young blind girl whose eye reopened at the light in former of the Carmel, in ~ the same hour when the holy Relics returned there.

*

*

Meanwhile, the procession goes on v the city. It passes in prior of Saint-Jacques Church, the parish that the future Blessed, wherein the porch is surprise by a crowd of spectators. By way of the Grande-Rue that gains the ar Thiers; right here is the axis of the beautiful Gothic cathedral, the of Saint-Pierre, all surprised by the unanticipated spectacle the is unfolding before her courts.

*

In the roadways of Lisieux, where, dead, she is attracting a many multitude, the little Thérèse young name often, in her childhood, walked v her father and her sisters. Plenty of of those that are complying with her triumphal chariot today might have met she then, a graceful young girl that “had sky in she gaze,” however who lost herself, an extremely gentle and also unnoticed, in the variety of walkers. And also all those that met her through quiet indifference were an extremely far indigenous supposing that someday they would certainly raise this unknown come the altars.

after a brief downpour, i m sorry did not disturb the festivities, the sky ended up being serene once more. The streets of Bouteiller, that Rempart, Gustave-David, led the procession come the Benedictine Abbey, in the parish that St. Desir. Here is the door the Thérèse, much less than fourty years ago, overcome every morning, put on her college uniform, the chapel which invited her in ~ the dawn of may 8, 1884, in her heavenly whiteness together a very first communicant. Today, the old walls space adorned with a youthful ornament to view her pass, again all in white, but against a lift of apotheosis. There, behind the grille the their large parlor, the Benedictine nuns smiled in ~ the glorious boy who stops because that a moment prior to their monastery, when the eldest invoke in a whisper, in advance, the Blessed whom they had taught in class.

Finally, through the Grand-Rue, the Rue Pont Mortain, the rue d’Alencon, the location Fournet, we reached the rue de Livarot.<8> every the windows, adorned v flowers and also banners, are dotted with heads. In some places, the nationwide colors mix really happily through those of the holy See. The Rue Pont Mortain Street, every its length, has a marvelous effect with that garlands and also banners overhead; it each other a vast and really iridescent porch.

At Carmel

At four o’clock the start of the procession come in front of the Carmel. The somber and also modest hearse which top top leaving in the morning of October 4, 1897, led by the exceptional of the Monastery and followed only by a couple of relatives and friends of the one who referred to as herself Thérèse of the Child-Jesus, had plenty that room to relocate at ease. Yet today, the is an enormous crowd that the stewards must regulate to allow the hearse, now come to be triumphant, to reach the enntrance gate gate. At this gate, we cling eagerly to watch to the really end the glorious convoy.

*

The chapel, all radiant v a thousands lights, is open only to the clergy. On the porch, six gentlemen of the Lexovienne society are waiting. With a strong effort, if the prayers and also invocations rise in fervor, castle lift the end the heavy casket, and preceded by Monseigneur Lemmonier, Monseigneur Chuavin and some prelates, they lug it in come the sanctuary. “Come, you holy One of God. The faithful civilization follow happily in her steps.” And “you, Christians, with a joined heart, this spoils cherished, acclaim them v your happy canticles.<9>

The brand new organ, i m sorry vibrates because that the very first time, welcomes the enntrance gate of the little saint with a triumphal march, instantly followed through the singing Jesu Corona Virginum, the very first prelude, it seems, come the an extremely next Beatification. The relics, extended with a yellow cloth, are deposited on a cut down draped in white, at the top of the nave at the enntrance gate to the choir. It to be there that often the days of her childhood, Thérèse had pertained to kneel, casting a glance that envy towards the austere grille of the Carmelites...

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The bishop gives, in closing, his solemn blessing. That announced for the next day the acknowledgment of the Remains, to be strictly private, and then patience descends top top the tiny chapel wherein the Blessed that tomorrow, surrounding by flowers, will invest the night as in a vigil that arms around the Tabernacle.

Outside, the thoughtful crowd overflows . . . Earlier, in ~ the very moment as soon as the human body of the type Virgin had touched the threshold of the chapel, the sky, darkened by the storm, had resolved marvelously, and also each one can see gentle omens for the future.

Then, in the evening, seven extra trains spread some of the pilgrims throughout France, however indelible storage of the day to be impressed on every hearts. In prior of the Carmel, many lingered in prayer, and, well into the night, you can still watch the shadows that those kneeling on the pavement prior to the tightly close up door doors, to murmur there at length, fervent supplications.