The chief constituents of proteins, these are acids that contribute to protein synthesis. Amino acids are formed when large proteins molecules are digested.

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Yellow or organ fluid produced by the liver and stored in the gallbladder. It travels from the gallbladder into the small intestines to help digest fats.
Pertaining to bile or affecting the bile ducts. Bile ducts empty bile into the small intestine (duodenum).
Four point, dog-like (canine means dog) teeth. Each canine or cusped tooth is third from the midline of the jaw.
The process of breaking down complex foods into simpler substances that can be absorbed into the bloodstream through the walls of the small intestine.
The tubular system relating to the stomach and intestine beginning with the mouth and ending with the anus.
New surgical opening between the stomach and the jejunum; an anastomosis. The procedure is part of a gastric bypass surgery.
Storage form of glucose (sugar); it produces glucose when it is broken down (glycogenolysis) in liver cells.
Surgical construction of an artificial opening from the ileum to the outside of the body through the abdominal wall.
Hormone secreted by specialized cells in the pancreas. Insulin facilitates transport of sugar from the blood into body cells.
Laparoscopy visual (endoscopic) examination of the abdomen and abdominal organs through small abdominal incisions.
Large, reddish-brown organ in the right upper quadrant (RUQ) of the abdomen. It secretes bile, forms blood proteins and metabolizes fats, proteins and sugars.
Membrane that holds the intestine together; a fold of the peritoneum attaching the small intestine to the dorsal (back) body wall.
Sixth, seventh and eighth teeth from the middle or either side of the dental arch. The most posterior molar is known as the wisdom tooth.
Roof of the mouth; hard palate is the front bony portion and the soft palate is the posterior fleshy part near the throat.

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A procedure used to treat cases of snoring or sleep apnea caused by obstructions in the throat or nose.