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The word life appears numerous time in the brand-new Testament. But have you ever before wondered what this indigenous means? for instance, when Jesus claimed in john 10:10, “I have come the they may have actually life and may have actually it abundantly,” to be He saying He would aid us have actually a far better life, or the He would enrich or boost our life?

The brand-new Testament was originally written in Greek, a language richer 보다 English in the diversity and also complexity of its vocabulary. For example, there are three Greek words because that life provided in the new Testament: bios, psuche, and zoe. This words have different meanings, however they’re all analyzed into English as life.

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so if we want to understand which definition life has actually in a particular verse, we require to know which Greek word is being used.

In this post, we’ll discover the meaning of every of these 3 Greek words because that life making use of verses and notes indigenous the brand-new Testament restore Version, v a special emphasis on zoe.

Bios, psuche, and also zoe

Let’s check out some instances where bios, psuche, and zoe show up in the brand-new Testament.

1. Bios

The Greek word analyzed as life in Luke 8:14 is bios:

“And the which dropped into the thorns, these space those who heard and, walking away, space utterly choked through anxieties and also riches and pleasures that this life, and also do not bring any fruit to maturity.”

Bios here refers to the life the the physical body. The English native biology originates from bios.

2. Psuche

The Greek word translated as soul-life in Matthew 16:25 is psuche:

“For whoever wants to conserve his soul-life shall lose it; however whoever loses his soul-life because that My sake shall discover it.”

Most English version of the new Testament just use words “life” in this verse. However the restore Version converts it together soul-life come refer particularly to psuche, the Greek word provided here. Psuche describes the mental life the the human being soul, the is, the mind, emotion, and will. The English indigenous psychology originates from psuche.

3. Zoe

The Greek word interpreted as life in man 1:4 is zoe:

“In Him to be life, and the life was the light of men.”

Zoe refers to the uncreated, eternal life the God, the magnificent life unique possessed by God.


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A closer look at zoe

To take it a closer look in ~ zoe, let’s review 1 john 1:1-2:

“That which to be from the beginning, i m sorry we have heard, i m sorry we have seen through our eyes, which us beheld and our hands handled, worrying the Word of life (and the life was manifested, and we have seen and testify and report come you the eternal life, i m sorry was with the Father and was shown up to us).”

The note on this verses in the new Testament restore Version space of tremendous help in expertise zoe. We’ll read just a couple of here. Keep in mind 5 of verse 1 defines the expression Word the life:

“This is the Word discussed in john 1:1-4, 14, who was with God and also was God in eternity prior to creation, who became flesh in time, and in whom is life. This native is the divine person of Christ as an account, a definition, and also an expression of all that God is. In that is life, and also He is life (John 11:25; 14:6). The expression the Word that life in Greek indicates that words is life. The person is the magnificent life, the eternal life, i m sorry we have the right to touch. The stating of the Word below indicates that this Epistle is a extension and breakthrough of John’s Gospel (cf. Man 1:1-2, 14).”

Then keep in mind 1 on verse 2 explains the connection between Word that life in verse 1 and also life in verse 2:

“This indicates that life is a synonym for Word of life in the preceding verse. Both denote the magnificent person the Christ, who was through the dad in eternity and was manifested in time v incarnation, and whom the apostle saw and also testified and reported to the believers.”

And finally, note 3 top top the eternal life in verse 2 says:

“Lit., the life the eternal. This life denotes the magnificent spiritual life, not the person soulish life or the physical life (see note 174 in Rom. 5). Eternal denotes not only duration of time, which is everlasting, without end, but also quality, i beg your pardon is for sure perfect and complete, without any shortage or defect. Together an expression emphasizes the eternal nature of the divine life, the life the the eternal God. The apostles witnessed this eternal life and testified and also reported it come people. Their experience was not of any type of doctrine however of Christ, the child of God, together the eternal life, and also their testimony and preaching were no of theology or biblical knowledge but of such a heavy life.”

With the help of these verses and also the notes, we have the right to see the zoe is the divine person that Christ. Christ was incarnated as the guy Jesus, whom the apostles might see v their eyes and also even handle with their hands. Zoe no something vague; that the wonderful human of ours dear lord Jesus!

Having, enjoying, and also living by the divine life

Now let’s revisit man 10:10, i beg your pardon was discussed at the start of this post. Below the Greek native zoe is offered for life. Let’s read it again, instead of life through zoe:

“I have come the they may have zoe and may have zoe abundantly.”

Christ together the eternal life come so we could have actually the eternal, divine life. This is vastly various from thinking Christ come so the we might have a far better or improved human life. He came so we could have Him, the magnificent life.

By our physics birth, we possess just the physical life (bios) and the soulish life (psuche). No one has the divine life (zoe) when they’re born. However when we thought in the lord Jesus Christ together our Savior, we received Christ right into us. Us were born again with the magnificent life!

So now that we’ve received Christ, the divine life, our Christian life should be completely involved v Him. What Christ wants is for us to gain His life, live by His life, and also let that life flourish in us. Then the wide range of His divine, eternal life will be expressed v us, and He will certainly be shown up to the human being all about us.

Focusing on zoe daily

When us realize that Christ’s desire is for us to have His divine, eternal, zoe life, and also even have it abundantly, we’ll focus on Him enjoying Him in our spirit. We deserve to do this by feeding ~ above the wealth in God’s Word, safety time with Christ in prayer, and experiencing Him work by day. Together we gain the eternal life we’ve received, that life will boost within us, and tiny by little, we’ll express Christ in our daily life ~ above earth.

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We expect you’ve learned more about zoe. Us couldn’t encompass all the note on the verses discussed in this post. Yet if friend live in the US, you deserve to order a complimentary copy that the brand-new Testament Recovery version to check out the verses v all the enlightening commentary.