Would you prefer to know about Spanish numbers, and also how to count from 1-100 in Spanish?
In this article, i share whatever you should know about numbers in Spanish. Ns cover what the Spanish number are, examples of exactly how to usage them, and also so lot more.
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In case you to be wondering how to to speak “numbers” in Spanish, the números. words for “number” in Spanish is número.
So, let\"s learn some números, beginning with Spanish cardinal numbers!
Spanish because that Numbers 1-10
Let\"s start with the basics. Right here are the cardinal number in Spanish indigenous 1-10:
1 – uno2 – dos3 – tres4 – cuatro5 – cinco6 – seis7 – siete8 – ocho9 – nueve10 – diez
1 – 100 Spanish Numbers
Now for the Spanish number 1 to 100. ~ you\"ve review these, I\"ll describe some tricks for remembering them.
|1 uno||2 dos||3 tres||4 cuatro||5 cinco|
|6 seis||7 siete||8 ocho||9 nueve||10 diez|
|11 once||12 doce||13 trece||14 catorce||15 quince|
|16 dieciséis||17 diecisiete||18 dieciocho||19 diecinueve||20 veinte|
|21 veintiuno||22 veintidós||23 veintitrés||24 veinticuatro||25 veinticinco|
|26 veintiséis||27 veintisiete||28 veintiocho||29 veintinueve||30 treinta|
|31 treinta y uno||32 treinta y dos||33 treinta y tres||34 treinta y cuatro||35 treinta y cinco|
|36 treinta y seis||37 treinta y siete||38 treinta y ocho||39 treinta y nueve||40 cuarenta|
|41 cuarenta y uno||42 cuarenta y dos||43 cuarenta y tres||44 cuarenta y cuatro||45 cuarenta y cinco|
|46 cuarenta y seis||47 cuarenta y siete||48 cuarenta y ocho||49 cuarenta y nueve||50 cincuenta|
|51 cincuenta y uno||52 cincuenta y dos||53 cincuenta y tres||54 cincuenta y cuatro||55 cincuenta y cinco|
|56 cincuenta y seis||57 cincuenta y siete||58 cincuenta y ocho||59 cincuenta y nueve||60 sesenta|
|61 sesenta y uno||62 sesenta y dos||63 sesenta y tres||64 sesenta y cuatro||65 sesenta y cinco|
|66 sesenta y seis||67 sesenta y siete||68 sesenta y ocho||69 sesenta y nueve||70 setenta|
|71 setenta y uno||72 setenta y dos||73 setenta y tres||74 setenta y cuatro||75 setenta y cinco|
|76 setenta y seis||77 setenta y siete||78 setenta y ocho||79 setenta y nueve||80 ochenta|
|81 ochenta y uno||82 ochenta y dos||83 ochenta y tres||84 ochenta y cuatro||85 ochenta y cinco|
|86 ochenta y seis||87 ochenta y siete||88 ochenta y ocho||89 ochenta y nueve||90 noventa|
|91 noventa y uno||92 noventa y dos||93 noventa y tres||94 noventa y cuatro||95 noventa y cinco|
|96 noventa y seis||97 noventa y siete||98 noventa y ocho||99 noventa y nueve||100 cien|
Take a look at and shot to clues the patterns. I recommend you follow these steps to obtain all the numbers into your head:Learn the numbers for 1-15. There\"s no real pattern, girlfriend just need to learn them: uno, dos, tres, cuatro, cinco, seis, siete, ocho, nueve, diez, once, doce, trece, catorce, quince. discover the numbers for the multiples of ten: veinte, treinta, cuarenta, cincuenta, sesenta, setenta, ochenta, noventa. A couple of tips to assist you remember: • various other than veinte, lock all finish in -enta • various other than veinte (again), they all have a clear connection with the associated smaller number: cuatro cuarenta, ocho ochenta, etc.
Then, you can fill in the gaps through a an easy formula:For number from 16-19, take it the rightmost digit and say “diez + y + (digit)”. E.g. 17 = “diez + y + siete” = “diez y siete”, which contracts to diecisiete. This is much like how in English 16 is “six-ten” i.e. “sixteen”.For numbers over twenty, just take the “tens” number (veinte, treinta, etc.) and the “ones” number (uno, dos, etc.) and stick y (“and”) in the middle. E.g. 31 = “thirty and also one” = treinta y uno.The just extra point to be aware of is the numbers from 21-29 gain contracted into a solitary word – so rather of “veinte y cuatro”, it\"s “veinticuatro”.
Finally, don’t forget:zero – cero (this one need to be simple to remember!)100 – cien (note the connect with English words prefer “century” or “percent“.)
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Counting Spanish number 1 – 1000+
For number from 100 to 199, use ciento:101 – ciento uno129 – ciento veintinueve195 – ciento noventa y cinco
(Note the you don\"t require to add y ~ ciento – it\"s ciento uno, not ciento y uno.)
For numbers from 200 to 999, friend must an initial learn the multiples of 100.200 – doscientos300 – trescientos400 – cuatrocientos500 – quinientos600 – seiscientos700 – setecientos800 – ochocientos900 – novecientos
These numbers have actually masculine and also feminine forms, and so they should agree through the noun:setecientas personas – “seven hundred people”ochocientos libros = “eight hundreds books”
The only two brand-new words you require to learn are mil (1,000) and also un millón (1,000,000).
Note: 1,000 is mil, not un mil. For un millón, friend can\"t leave out the un.
The only time you\"ll watch un mil is in numbers choose cuarenta y un mil (41,000). You need to put an un in this number to identify it indigenous cuarenta mil (40,000).
Forming new numbers through mil and also un millón is pretty straightforward together well:1,000 – mil1,001 – mil uno (not “mil y uno”!)1,686 – mil seiscientos ochenta y seis2,001 – dos mil uno20,000 – veinte mil100,000 – cien mil483,382 – cuatrocientos ochenta y tres mil trescientos ochenta y dos1,000,000 – un millón6,492,000 – seis millones cuatrocientos noventa y dos mil
Finally, note that as soon as you\"re utilizing un millón or millones v a noun, you have to use de. Because that example, “one million books” is un millón de libros. Literally, “one million of books”.
Billions and also Trillions in Spanish (They’re no What girlfriend Think)
What perform you think the Spanish words billón and trillón mean? Did girlfriend guess “billion” and also “trillion”? Sadly, points aren\"t the simple.
In the English-speaking world, a “billion” is one thousands millions (1,000,000,000) and also a “trillion” is one thousands billions (1,000,000,000,000). In various other words, every “step up” involves multiplying through 1,000.
Not anyone does it like this! Our method is dubbed the “short scale” numbering system. But many countries about the people – including most Spanish-speaking countries – use the “long scale” system.
In this system, a “billion” is one million millions, and a “trillion” is one million billions. Rather than multiplying by a thousand every time, you multiply by a million.
So Spanish words prefer billón don\"t “match up” through their English counterparts favor you might expect:un millón – one million = 1,000,000un millardo (or “mil millones”) – one billion = 1,000,000,000un billón – one sunshine = 1,000,000,000,000mil billones – one quadrillion = 1,000,000,000,000,000un trillón – one quintillion = 1,000,000,000,000,000,000
(By the way, in the past, American English offered the short-scale mechanism while brothers English used the long-scale system. This is no longer true – all dialects the English now use the short-scale system.)
How do You pronounce Spanish Numbers?
So just how do you to speak Spanish numbers? If you have actually trouble express the words, then take a listen to this video:
Spanish for “One”: Un, Uno, or Una?
Spanish doesn\"t distinguish in between “one” and also “a” in the same means that English does. Un libro can mean “a book” or “one book”.
When girlfriend think about it, those two phrases median the same thing; the only difference is in emphasis.
But words uno alters to match the gender of the noun the describes. Before a feminine noun, it becomes una. Prior to a masculine noun, girlfriend drop the o and also just use un.
Some examples:Un libro – “a book/one book”. Fall the “o” indigenous uno since it\"s complied with by a masculine noun.Una mesa – “a table/one table”. Adjust uno come una due to the fact that it\"s complied with by a feminine noun.Tengo uno – “I have one”. Uno is unchanged due to the fact that it\"s not complied with by a noun.“¿Hay preguntas?” “Solo una.” – “Any questions?” “Only one”. In this case, you usage una because you\"re referring to a pregunta (“question”), i m sorry is a feminine word.
Spanish for 100: Cien or Ciento?
The number 100 deserve to be translated into Spanish together either cien or ciento. What\"s the difference?
You must use cien when you have exactly one hundred of something:Cien personas – one hundreds peopleCien libros – one hundred books
Use ciento as component of a bigger number, prefer ciento uno for “one hundred and one”.
Breaking up Spanish Numbers: Dots or Commas?
In English, it\"s typical to break up large numbers with a comma every 3 digits to aid readability. So rather of writing “1048710123901”, we compose “1,048,710,123,901”.
We additionally mark the decimal allude with a dot, therefore “one half” is “0.5”.
Be careful! In Spanish-speaking countries – together in numerous other components of the civilization – this conventions are reversed. They usage a comma because that decimals and break up large numbers v dots. Or, they put a room between every 3 digits.
So my 2 examples above would be written as “1.048.710.123.901” (or “1 048 710 123 901”) and also “0,5”.
How to Say “…and a Half” in Spanish
In English, we regularly abbreviate the surname of numbers by saying “… and a half”, “… and also a third”, and so on.
So rather of speak “two thousand 5 hundred”, one English speaker could say “two and a half thousand”. Rather of “one million five hundred thousand”, they can say “one and also a half million”.
I often notice Spanish human being getting this wrong once they speak English. They placed the “and a half” in the wrong ar – instead of speak (for example) “one and also a fifty percent million”, they speak “one million and also a half”. That\"s since they\"re translating directly from how they\"d speak in Spanish – un millón y medio.
Try not to make the the opposite mistake as soon as you speak Spanish. To speak un millón y medio, no un y medio millón.
Ordinal numbers in Spanish
So much I’ve only talked about cardinal number – one, two, three, etc. You likewise need to discover the ordinal number – first, second, third, fourth, etc.
Here room the an initial ten:
Ordinal numbers space adjectives that need to agree v the noun. But unlike many Spanish adjectives, they walk before the noun, no after:el segundo libro – “the second book”las primeras flores – “the first flowers”
Note the primero and tercero autumn the “o” prior to a singular woman noun:el primer día – “the an initial day”el tercer hijo – “the 3rd son”
To form ordinal numbers over 10, girlfriend must discover the numbers because that the multiples of ten:
Then to fill in the gaps through combining number from the above two tables, such together vigésimo segundo for “22nd”.
Remember that both components of the number must agree through the noun: “the 22nd person” would certainly be la vigésima segunda persona.
For numbers from “11th” to “19th”, it’s much more common to create them as one word than two. Such together decimoprimero for “11th”.
Examples of how to usage Spanish Numbers
You’ve learned the numbers, but how perform you use them? after ~ all, over there are numerous instances where we use numbers everyday. Things prefer time, the date, ours age, etc.
So below are some instances to aid you acquire started:
Time:1:10 – la una treinta3:25 – las tres vienticinco
Date:September 10 – el diez de septiembreJanuary 1 – el primero de enero
Age:10 years old – (tener) diez años37 years old – (tener) treinta y siete
As Adjectives:Two publications – dos libros300 flower – trescientas flores
Prices:$2.20 – dos
Math:3 + 3 = 6 – tres más tres kid seis10 – 2 = 8 – diez menos dos boy ocho
Numbers in Spanish: exactly how Do You discover Them?
Here’s a funny story around Spanish numbers:
In 2008 the American soccer player Chad Johnson legally adjusted his last surname to “Ochocinco”. This brand-new moniker to be a reference to his jersey number: 85. The trouble – as you’ll now recognize – is that ocho-cinco doesn\"t typical “eighty-five”. The exactly Spanish is ochenta y cinco. It\"s unknown whether Chad was mindful of this mistake as soon as he make the surname change. (In 2012, he readjusted his last name ago to “Johnson”.)
Now you’ve read this article, you’re no going to make a mistake favor that.
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