You are watching: How many electrons are in potassium
Where is potassium found on Earth?Because potassium reacts so easily with water, that is not uncovered in the elemental form in nature. Rather it is uncovered in assorted minerals such together sylvite, carnallite, langbeinite, and kainite. Many minerals the contain potassium are referred to as potash.Making up about 2.1% of the load of the Earth"s crust, potassium is the eighth most abundant element in the crust. That can additionally be discovered in ocean water wherein it is also about the eighth many abundant element.How is potassium used today?The biggest use the potassium is potassium chloride (KCl) i m sorry is used to do fertilizers. This is since potassium is necessary for plant growth.Industrial applications because that potassium include soaps, detergents, gold mining, dyes, glass production, gunpowder, and also batteries.Potassium likewise plays a vital role in our bodies. The is offered in muscle contraction, fluid and pH balance, bone health, and also helps to prevent kidney stones. It is about the eighth most abundant element in the human body by weight.How to be it discovered?Potassium was an initial isolated through English chemist teacher Humphry Davy in 1807. That used electrical power to different the element from the salt potash.Where did potassium gain its name?Potassium gets its name from the salt potash native which potassium was first isolated. The K symbol because that the element comes from the Latin indigenous "kalium", which way potash.IsotopesThere room three isotopes of potassium that occur naturally: K-39, 40, and also 41. The bulk (93%) that potassium discovered in nature is K-39.
Interesting Facts about PotassiumPotassium chloride (KCl) is periodically used together a substitute because that table salt. The USDA proposal that adults consume 4.7 grams that potassium each day.A little amount of potassium deserve to taste sweet. A higher concentration have the right to taste bitterness or salty.Potassium bicarbonate is the chemical name for baking soda. It is offered in fire extinguishers, baking powders, and antacids.Some great sources that potassium in our diet incorporate bananas, avocados, nuts, chocolate, parsley, and also potatoes.More ~ above the Elements and also the routine TableElementsPeriodic Table
|Alkali MetalsLithiumSodiumPotassiumAlkaline planet MetalsBerylliumMagnesiumCalciumRadiumTransition MetalsScandiumTitaniumVanadiumChromiumManganeseIronCobaltNickelCopperZincSilverPlatinumGoldMercury||Post-transition MetalsAluminumGalliumTinLeadMetalloidsBoronSiliconGermaniumArsenicNonmetalsHydrogenCarbonNitrogenOxygenPhosphorusSulfur||HalogensFluorineChlorineIodineNoble GasesHeliumNeonArgonLanthanides and ActinidesUraniumPlutonium|
|MatterAtomMoleculesIsotopesSolids, Liquids, GasesMelting and also BoilingChemical BondingChemical ReactionsRadioactivity and Radiation||Mixtures and CompoundsNaming CompoundsMixturesSeparating MixturesSolutionsAcids and BasesCrystalsMetalsSalts and SoapsWater||OtherGlossary and also TermsChemistry lab EquipmentOrganic ChemistryFamous Chemists|
|HomeworkAnimalsMathHistoryBiographyMoney and FinanceBiographyArtistsCivil civil liberties LeadersEntrepreneursExplorersInventors and ScientistsWomen LeadersWorld LeadersUS Presidents united state HistoryNative AmericansColonial AmericaAmerican RevolutionIndustrial RevolutionAmerican civil WarWestward ExpansionThe great DepressionCivil civil liberties MovementPre-1900s1900 to PresentUS GovernmentUS State HistoryScienceBiologyChemistryEarth SciencePhysics civilization HistoryAncient AfricaAncient ChinaAncient EgyptAncient GreeceAncient MesopotamiaAncient RomeMiddle AgesIslamic EmpireRenaissanceAztec, Maya, IncaFrench RevolutionWorld battle 1World battle 2Cold WarArt HistoryGeographyUnited StatesAfricaAsiaCentral AmericaEuropeMiddle EastNorth AmericaOceaniaSouth AmericaSoutheast AsiaFun StuffEducational GamesHolidaysJokes for KidsMoviesMusicSports|