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Along through the evil President, the President"s room members are his most necessary advisors. This snapshot shows chairman Reagan, Vice president Bush, and Cabinet members in the Oval Office.

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Even the professionals can"t agree top top the total number of federal federal government agencies, commissions, and departments.

Most estimates suggest there room probably more than 2,000 that these. They each have an area of field of expertise — some much broader than rather — but their duties regularly overlap, do administration an ext difficult. To complicated things also more, plenty of agencies have actually counterparts in ~ the state and local level. Its size, complexity, and also overlapping responsibilities leave the federal administration open to consistent attempts to reorganize and streamline.

Congress has actually the strength to create, organize, and also disband all federal agencies. Most of them room under the manage of the President, although couple of of castle actually have actually direct call with the White House. So, the administration has two masters — Congress and also the President. The administration generally drops into four vast types: cabinet departments, federal government corporations, live independence agencies, and also regulatory commissions


Cabinet departments
department of State Treasury department Department that Defense department of Justice department of the internal Department of agriculture Department of business Department of job Department of transport Department the Housing and Urban advance Department the Health and Human services Department of energy Department of education Department that Veterans AffairsDepartment of landscape Security

The cabinet Departments

The 15 cabinet departments are each top by a Secretary who sits ~ above the President"s Cabinet. The exception is the justice Department, i beg your pardon is top by the attorney General, that is likewise a member the the President"s Cabinet. The Secretaries are responsible for directing the department"s policy and for overseeing that operation. Cabinet secretaries are usually torn between their responsibilities as presidential advisers and also heads of their departments.


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As the very first woman cabinet member, Frances Perkins served for 12 years, helping draft legislation such together the Social defense Act and the first federal minimum fairy laws.

Each has actually a one-of-a-kind area that policy, although their duties are still really broad. The company of every is rather complex, but they have actually some points in common. Every Secretaries have actually a Deputy or Undersecretary, and also a host of Assistant Secretaries, that all direct significant programs within the department.

Most departments are split into bureaus, divisions, and sections. Because that example, the FBI lies in ~ the domain that the righteousness Department, and the mystery Service is right now within the Treasury Departmeny agency, however soon come be moved under the auspices of the room of Homeland protection .

Government Corporations

Government corporations do not belonging to any type of department — they was standing on your own. Most likely the best-known government corporations room the United claims Postal Service and Amtrak. Lock are different from other agencies in the they space businesses produced by Congress, and they fee fees for your services. Like any type of other business, federal government corporations have actually private compete — together as commonwealth Express and United Parcel business — and sometimes state competition — such together the new Jersey Transit Authority.


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At the time of that is creation, NASA to be assumed by many to it is in a defense-related agency. Today, that brings nations together in highly publicized efforts like the International an are Station presented here.

Independent Agencies

Independent agencies closely resemble room departments, but they are smaller and also less complex. Generally, they have narrower areas of obligation than perform Cabinet departments. Most of these agencies room not totally free from presidential control and also are independent just in the feeling that they space not component of a department.

Congress creates them as different agencies for countless reasons, practical and also symbolic. For example, as soon as the national Aeronautics and an are Administration (NASA) to be established, plenty of members of conference assumed that it would certainly be a component of the department of Defense. However, it is one independent company because the space program has plenty of other objectives than the defense that the nation.


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The ATF (now the office of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and also Explosives) was transferred from the room of the Treasury to the room of justice in 2006.

Regulatory Agencies

These agencies regulate vital parts of the economy, making rule for large industries and also businesses that influence the understanding of the public. Since regulatory commissions are "watchdogs" that by their very nature have to operate independently, they room not part of a department, and the chairman does not directly manage most of them. Each commission has from 5 to 11 members appointed through the President, however the president cannot remove them for the size of their terms in office.

Examples of this commissions room the Securities and Exchange Commission, i beg your pardon regulates the stock market, brokers, and investment practices. Another well-known board of directors is the commonwealth Reserve Board that governs the nation"s financial policy. The ecological Protection agency serves together a guardian over the nation"s environment, making and enforcing standards for the industrial and also commercial sectors.

With over 2,000 various agencies, the federal bureaucracy is almost details to run into difficulties with organization, overlapping responsibilities, and also efficiency. Almost every current President has come right into office identified to refashion and also trim the bureaucracy. However, none has actually been able come make an ext than boy adjustments. Well-established agencies have lives of their own, and are complicated to change. Besides, the country has large, complex, needs requiring special attention. A large bureaucracy is a part of the government"s attempt to satisfy those needs.


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NASA Homepage
The national Aeronautics and an are Administration, according to its website, is an invest in America"s future. Explore this significant website, from its pages on an are flight to women in NASA. Click on "other cool sites" for much more neat stuff than you might visit in one day. Don"t miss out on out ~ above the speed movie that NASA"s vision or the webcasts, which can be perceived on home windows Media Player.

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The federal Deposit insurance money Corporation (FDIC)
What happens if your bank goes bankrupt? You obtain your money back — if your financial institution is insured through the commonwealth Deposit insurance allowance Corporation. Since 1933, the FDIC has been keeping America"s faith in its financial organizations alive. Take it a look at the organization and also browse its main website here.

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U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Homer Simpson provides the meltdown that a atom reactor in a power plant seem funny, yet in truth it have the right to cause worldwide devastation. The nuclear Regulatory the supervisory board is responsible because that making certain that strength plants space safe from the moment they are constructed to the time that they are shut down. Take it a look at what they do at their main website.

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The Securities and also Exchange Commission
The stock market crash the 1929 crippled the U.S. Economy and devastated the resides of millions of Americans. What did the federal government do to make sure that something like that never happens again? They founded the Securities and also Exchange Commission, which oversees investment practices of American businesses. If you have an interest in the stock market, it"s worth her time come wade through this main website.

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Federal profession Commission
You"ve watched the board video game Monopoly, however did you recognize that genuine monopolies space usually illegal? The Federal profession Commission provides sure that carriers follow the law, usage fair service practices, and also don"t cheat the consumer. They additionally protect consumers by investigate complaints and educating us around what to look out for. The FTC"s main website makes for an exciting read because that anyone who could do service in the U.S.
Consumer Protection
Are you acquiring your money"s worth? examine here prior to you make a acquisition to discover out exactly how you can be hoodwinked if you aren"t careful.
DefenseLink — The U.S. Room of Defense
With the Army, air Force, marine Corps, and the marine under its auspices, the department of Defense is the component of the federal government assigned to maintaining national security. Its official website has pages on such hazards to the U.S. As weapons of mass destruction and also anthrax, as well as online memorials come fallen soldiers, Olympic coverage, and also much more.
Joint Chiefs of Staff
The head honchos of each army branch consist of the share Chiefs that Staff, that advise the president on military matters. Find out around the composition and philosophy the the company here.
The United claims Department that Justice
Attorney basic Janet Reno and her office space responsible for finding and also prosecuting commonwealth criminals. The official Department of justice website is full of exciting information, including the FBI"s many wanted list and pages on warm topics from school violence come the death penalty.

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U.S. State Department
Even though only 1% that the national budget plan goes to international affairs, the State room does some of the many publicized government-related work in the country. The same firm that represents the U.S. In the United countries is responsible because that negotiating trade agreements and also issuing passports and also visas. Take it a look at at some of the State Department"s recent jobs at their main website.

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United says Treasury Department
Show me the money! The U.S. Treasury department monitors the government"s financial institution accounts, prints money, and investigates tax evasion, among many various other duties. Discover out the answers come all her questions about one of the oldest offices in the U.S. Federal government at their official website.

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