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|Stems vs. Roots: similarities and differences|
| In some cases, roots look comparable to stemsso what"s the difference? It"s tempting to say that stems are above ground, and roots below groundbut that"s not completely accurate. (See sidebar.) One straightforward difference is the stems be affected by each other leaves, and roots don"t. Below are part other, less obvious, ways to distinguish stems from roots. Similarity: Both stems and roots contain vascular tissues (xylem and also phloem), the circulatory system of the plant. |
You are watching: How are roots and stems alike
Difference: In herbaceous stems, the vascular organization are contained in bundles; this bundles sit fairly near the surface of the stem. In roots, the vascular tissues kind a main corea location where they"re defended from the harsh activity of pushing with soil. (We space referring come young, non-woody tissues.)
Comparison the Stem and also Root Cross-Sections
Similarity: Both stems and also roots space able come initiate lateral growth: the is, to kind "branches."
Difference: In stems, side branches arise native axillary buds. These sprout are situated at the nodes in the leaf axil (the point where the sheet attaches come the stem).
Lateral roots, top top the other hand, arise indigenous deep within the root"s tissue, near the main core. Root don"t have actually nodes, and they don"t have buds.