How carry out you say “hello” in German? over there are numerous options, native a simple hallo to a trusted alles klar come a regional “hello” prefer servus or na.
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In this article, I"ll teach you numerous common and also useful German greetings . By the finish you’ll know everything you need to know about how to say hello” in German, in every situation.
1. Hallo – “Hello”
This is the simplest means to say “hello” in German. It"s a friendly, all-purpose greeting that have the right to be offered in pretty much any situation, formal or informal.
2. Guten Tag – “Good day”
Guten Tag is the German “hello” that"s best-known to English speakers. It"s contempt formal, however only slightly.
Guten method “good” (it"s the masculine accusative form of gut). Easy! now just include the right word for the time of day:Before midday: say guten Morgen (good morning)Midday until approximately 6pm: speak guten Tag (good day)6pm till bedtime: to speak guten Abend (good evening)
A common question: why is the guten Tag and not gut Tag? I.e., why is it guten (the accusative form of the adjective) and also not gut (the nominative)?
First that all, note that Morgen, Tag, and also Abend space all woman nouns, for this reason we understand that gut should be woman in all 3 phrases. But what situation are the nouns?
Think about it like this. Once you speak “good day” come somebody, what are you in reality saying? most likely something favor “I great you a an excellent day”. In German it is ich wünsche dir einen guten Tag.
In the sentence words Tag is the direct object that the verb wünsche, so the (and any associated adjectives) must be accusative. As such we should use the masculine accusative kind of gut, i.e. guten. Simple!
3. Alles klar – “All clear”
If girlfriend live or take trip in Germany, you"ll hear world saying alles klar every the time. It method “everything (is) clear!”.
It can be used as a question (alles klar?) a statement, or just to fill empty space. What us care around here is the it"s also used together a greeting, specifically by young people.
Greeting someone through “alles klar?” is a lot prefer greeting someone through “what"s up?” in English. The best method to price alles klar? is through a basic ja, definition “yes”. Girlfriend could additionally reply through “Ja, alles klar, danke, an interpretation “Yes, everything is great thanks.
4. Was ist los? – “What’s up?”
Was ist los? is difficult to interpret directly.
The adjective los roughly method “separate” or “free”. Asking someone was ist los? is prefer saying “what"s up?” or “what"s going on?”, very similar to greeting someone v alles klar?
The confusing point is that was ist los? can also mean “what"s the matter?”, i.e. It suggests that friend perceive that something is strange or wrong.
However, indigenous the context and the tone of voice it"s usually apparent which definition of was ist los? is gift used.
It’s similar to just how some English speakers, specifically Brits, use “are friend alright?” (or just “alright?”) as a greeting. Relying on the context, “are friend alright?” might be a real question and also a authorize of concern. But when used as a greeting, it most likely doesn’t need a thought-out answer.
5. Wie geht es dir? – “How’s the going?”
“How walk it walk to you?” is the literal translation the this vital German phrase. You have the right to guess at a far better translation: this is a usual German method of speak “how’s that going?”
When you use dir, that informal. In a more formal situation, girlfriend should probably say wie geht es Ihnen?
When informally addressing a group, speak Wie geht es euch?
The phrase is frequently shortened come wie geht"s? The easiest solution is a an easy gut, danke – “good, thanks”.
6. Grüß Gott! – “God bless you”
Within and also between the German-speaking countries, there’s a lot of of etymological and cultural diversity.
Not every greeting is in equal use across the entire Germanosphere. So for the next couple of items ~ above this list, we"ll watch at some greetings that are unique to particular areas.
Grüß Gott is an expression that"s largely used in Bavaria (south-eastern Germany) and also Austria. Literally, it means something favor “greetings (from) God”. A better, less literal translate in is “God bless you”. It"s a really formal method of speak hello.
Bavarians also use Grüß dich!, which essentially way “greetings to you!”. This is much less formal, yet it has tendency to be used more by the older generation than the younger.
7. Servus – “At your service”
Servus is Latin for “servant”, and its use as a greeting comes from a Latin phrase an interpretation “at your service”.
Like Grüß Gott, servus is mostly used in Bavaria and also Austria. It can additionally be offered to say goodbye
8. Moin! – “Hi!”
Let"s relocate to the other finish of the German map. Moin is a common greeting in north Germany, particularly in and also around Hamburg. You likewise sometimes hear civilization doubling the up: moin moin!
The beginnings of words “moin” are uncertain. Many think that it originates from a regional pronunciation of Morgen (“morning”), however it"s feasible that it additionally comes native a short German word definition “good”.
Whatever the case, you deserve to use moin at every times that day. The civilization of Schleswig-Holstein will love you because that it.
9. Na – “Hi, just how are you? well thanks, exactly how are you?”
Na is another local German greeting. It"s common in the north, and also people from southerly Germany, Austria and Switzerland have tendency to struggle with it. I can"t reprimand them, due to the fact that it"s tough to explain.
There"s no easy means to interpret na right into English. It"s ideal explained by example: as soon as two (northern) Germans meet, one can say “na”, come which the other replies “na” – and then the conversation begins. It"s choose “hey”, “how are you?”, and also “fine, thanks” all rolled into one functional syllable. Germans are famed for your efficiency, after all.
10. Hier ist… – “It’s…”
This one might not technically count together a greeting, yet it"s still worth including, because you"re likely to speak it once meeting someone… yet only if you"re not meeting face-to-face. Permit me explain:
Imagine you"re calling, texting, emailing, or otherwise communicating at a distance through someone who already knows you. If lock don"t recognise her voice/number/address, what perform you say come let them recognize who it is?
In English I"d say “it"s Benny”, however you can"t translate this directly into German (i.e. Ns can"t speak es ist Benny). Rather I"d have to say hier ist Benny – “here is Benny.”
This is a subtle detail, yet it"s absolutely miscellaneous you have to know!
11. Tschüss – “Goodbye”
Now let"s look at some methods to say “goodbye” in German. Most likely the most common means to do this is come say Tschüss – “bye”!
Don"t be intimidated through the spelling. The cluster of consonants “tsch” is pronounced as with a “ch” in English.
12. Ciao – “Bye”
Ciao is Italian in origin, but it"s typical in Germany, as it is in plenty of other parts of Europe!
13. Auf Wiedersehen – “See you again”
Wieder means “again” and also sehen means “to see”. So auf wiedersehen essentially way “when we view each other again!”
While this is a well-known phrase that every German will understand, it"s very formal-sounding and a bit old-fashioned.
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14. Bis bald – “See girlfriend soon”
This literally method “until soon”. So it"s prefer saying “see you soon!”. It"s a friendly, informal means of saying goodbye.