At a street of 1,600 mi (2,575 km), Africa and also South America are relatively close trans-Atlantic neighbors. In fact, the street from SW Senegal to NE Brazil is much less than half the distance between London and brand-new York. Based upon this knowledge, it makes perfect feeling to affix the two land masses and also potentially diminish latency when Africans accessibility American servers (and vice-versa).
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A image of the undersea cables situated near Brazil and the western coastline of Africa. Click to enlarge. TeleGeography Submarine Cable Map 2011
Surprisingly, together of mid-2011, only a single undersea fibre-optic cable connects the 2 continents. Atlantis-2, set off in 1999, has actually landing point out in Argentina, Brazil, Cape Verde, Senegal, Spain, and also Portugal. In the meantime, the 20 Gbit/s capacity listed by Atlantis-2 has actually been substantial. Much more crucially, the best investors and also business partners have not fallen into place – till recently.
Planned for mid-2013 is the SAex cable i beg your pardon will attach Fortaleza to southern Africa. A 2nd “trunk” will certainly run from south Africa to Nigeria through landing point out in Gabon, DRC, and also Angola. As soon as complete, the new cable will administer the shortest path to the USA, hence reducing network latency. Until now, many SA web traffic has actually been routed via Europe, and also then across the phibìc Atlantic to brand-new York. A southern Africa-Brazil-New York path would save a couple thousand miles and a few milliseconds per data request.
Capacity is key. The brand-new SAex line will certainly muster 12.8 Tbit/s – 800 time the volume of the present Brazil-Africa connection.
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Also worth watching is India. Currently, India and also Africa space directly associated by SEACOM and SAFE cables. However, additional capacity will soon be required along the southern and eastern coasts. Given the suitable investment channels, an additional Africa-India connection could make perfect sense.
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