The basic urine test is one of the most frequently performed activities tests. The is an extremely important to correctly prepare and correctly collection the sample. So what must you execute to ensure the result accurately mirrors the state of your health?


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Before the planned collection of a pee sample, the is recommended that you:What methods should be used to offer a appropriate urine sample?

Inadequate preparation for testing and sampling and also storage may cause false results. Therefore, prior to doing a general urine test, there room a few basic rules to keep in mind.

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Before the planned arsenal of a to pee sample, it is recommended that you:

1. Administer yourself v a disposable urine container

Urine is put right into a special, disposable container that have the right to be purchase at any type of pharmacy. Remember that in the instance of bacteriological tests (urine culture), the container purchased need to be sterile. That is unacceptable to urinate right into bottles, jars and other containers not intended for this purpose. Residual water of various substances, such together sugar or the visibility of bacteria have the right to seriously annoy the interpretation of results. The disposable to pee container walk not have to be scalded or ready in any kind of other way.

2. A moderate diet, alcohol and liquids

A few days before the plan examination, the is vital to eat a moderate, traditional diet and also to take in a regular amount of fluids, regular with the feeling of thirst. Her diet has a substantial impact on urine analysis. Great example the this room beetroots together they colour the pee red. A diet high in meat lowers the pH that urine, when a milk or vegetarian diet raises the pH. Ketone bodies, which must not it is in in the urine, may appear in it as a result of alcohol abuse or the usage of a fatty diet. Drink the best amount the fluids avoids both excessive urination (too tiny fluid) and its dilution (too lot fluid). In the general urine check this is to express by details gravity.

3. Staying clear of excessive physical strain and standing still for longer than usual

Excessive physical task may result in the figure or increase of urine levels of protein and ketone bodies. Spending lengthy periods the time in a standing position frequently results in the incident of orthostatic proteinuria.

4. Abstaining from sexual intercourse for 24 hours before sampling

A urine check after sex-related intercourse may be complicated because that sperm existing in the urine. Their big numbers prevents an accurate microscopic assessment of the pee sediment. There may additionally be minor lesions of the urethra, i beg your pardon will an outcome in the presence of an boosted amount that epithelium, red blood cell or the presence of bacteria in the urine.

5. Avoidance that examination during menstrual bleeding and also 2 job before and 2 job after menstruation

In the situation of sampling throughout menstruation, the pee is often contaminated through a huge amount of red blood cells and epithelia which provides it difficult to attain reliable results. The doctor may translate this result as a haematuria or haematuria and suspect, because that example, kidney stones or nephritic syndrome.

What approaches should be used to offer a appropriate urine sample?

1. Morning urine

The recommended time to take a urine sample is as soon as you wake up up, i.e. Urine ~ an overnight 8-hour rest or if that is impossible, after ~ at least 4 hours from the vault urination. This is necessary to stop the event of functional proteinuria, which occurs most regularly as a an outcome of remaining in a standing place for a lengthy time, physical exertion and stress.

2. Genital hygiene

Before taking the sample, wash her hands with heat soapy water and also thoroughly to wash the urethral region with warmth water and also soap or an intimate toilet wash. For women, toilet in the area of ​​the labia is an especially important, and also the washing itself need to be done from the front in the direction of the anus, never ever in the contrary direction. Guys are advised to completely clean the penis. A disposable towel need to be offered for abrasion. Keeping strict restroom rules way that by obtaining rid the bacteria indigenous the body’s surface ar your urine results will be more reliable, if bacteria native the human body enters the sample, it may falsify the check results.

3. "Mid-stream" urine sample

Once you have started come urinate, collect a "mid-stream" urine sample, this method you perform not collection the first or the last part of urine that comes out, you collect it in the center of urination. The gathered urine sample for the basic examination should have from 20 come 100 milliliters, relying on the size of the previously purchased container. The sample for culture urine may have a few milliliters. Transfering urine native the toilet, potty, swimming pool, etc. To a container is not enabled due to the visibility of bacteria.

4. Suitable description the the sample

The container should be legibly signed v your name and also surname, existing date, time the collection and your date of birth etc. Part laboratories ask for a details description come be included to the container, e.g. A patience identification number.

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5. Immediate shipment of the sample come the collection point

The container v the built up urine sample must be sealed and delivered to the collection suggest as quickly as possible. The container can be furthermore secured through placing that in a sealable plastic bag. If the sample have the right to not be delivered immediately after collection, location the container in the frozen refrigerator (do no freeze it) and also bring it come the check as shortly as possible. If tested for culture, the sample might not stay in the refrigerator for an ext than 2 hours.Immediate distribution of the sample come the collection point prevents the bacteria indigenous multiplying.

Bibliography: Interna Szczeklika 2018 Handbook of interior Diseases. Authors: Piotr Gajewski, Andrzej Szczeklik. Publisher: Medycyna Praktyczna. Bulletin that the Polish society for laboratory Diagnostics.