3-5-ETS1-1
3-5-ETS1-2
3-5-ETS1-3
3-ESS3-1
3-PS2-2

quick Look
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Partial design process
grade Level: 3 (3 – 5) Time Required: 45 minutes team Size: 1 subject Areas:
earth and space

NGSS performance Expectations:

3-5-ETS1-1
3-5-ETS1-2
3-5-ETS1-3
3-ESS3-1
3-PS2-2

Units serve as guides to a particular content or subject area. Nested under units space lessons (in purple) and also hands-on tasks (in blue).

You are watching: Bridge to classroom engineering for earthquakes

note that no all class and activities will exist under a unit, and also instead may exist together "standalone" curriculum.


natural Disasters: Earthquakes, Volcanoes, Tornadoes & more Naturally devastating Earthquake Formation: Crust, Plates, Currents, Drift and Faults Earthquakes Rock! volcanic Panic! All around Landslides: soil on the operation Tsunami Attack! giant Wave Characteristics and also Causes Water, Water all over Tornado!
Unit Lesson Activity


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Students version an earthquake-proof structure

Engineering connection

Because earthquakes can reason walls to crack, structures to move and also even entire buildings to crumple, designers incorporate into their structural designs approaches that withstand damages from earthquake forces, for example, overcome bracing, large bases and also tapered geometry. Earthquake-proof buildings are intended come bend and also sway through the movement of earthquakes, or space isolated indigenous the movement by sliders. Engineers use the engineering design process to come up through an idea, test it, and then re-engineer the structure based on its performance.


finding out Objectives

After this activity, students need to be may be to:

Identify some of the factors that make structures earthquake-proof, consisting of cross bracing, huge "footprints," and tapered geometry.Model one earthquake-proof structure using simple materials.Compare a design structure through what that represents.Understand why engineers need to learn around earthquakes.Learn what reasons earthquakes and also how designers use this knowledge to design much more "earthquake-proof" structures.

Educational requirements

every chathamtownfc.net great or activity is associated to one or more K-12 science, technology, design or math (STEM) education standards.

every 100,000+ K-12 STEM standards spanned in chathamtownfc.net are collected, maintained and also packaged through the Achievement requirements Network (ASN), a job of D2L (www.achievementstandards.org).

In the ASN, standards room hierarchically structured: very first by source; e.g., through state; within resource by type; e.g., science or mathematics; within form by subtype, climate by grade, etc.


NGSS: following Generation scientific research Standards - science
NGSS power Expectation science & engineering Practices Disciplinary Core principles Crosscutting concepts

3-5-ETS1-1. Specify a simple design problem reflecting a need or a desire that consists of specified criteria because that success and constraints on materials, time, or cost. (Grades 3 - 5)

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This activity focuses top top the adhering to 3 Dimensional Learning elements of NGSS:
Define a basic design difficulty that deserve to be solved through the advancement of one object, tool, process, or system and includes number of criteria because that success and also constraints top top materials, time, or cost.

Alignment agreement: thanks for her feedback!

Possible remedies to a problem are restricted by accessible materials and resources (constraints). The success of a designed solution is established by considering the preferred features the a equipment (criteria). Various proposals for solutions have the right to be compared on the communication of exactly how well each one meets the specified criteria for success or how well every takes the constraints into account.

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People"s needs and wants adjust over time, as do their demands for new and enhanced technologies.

Alignment agreement: thanks for her feedback!


NGSS performance Expectation scientific research & engineering Practices Disciplinary Core concepts Crosscutting ideas

3-5-ETS1-2. Generate and also compare multiple feasible solutions come a problem based upon how well each is most likely to fulfill the criteria and also constraints of the problem. (Grades 3 - 5)

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This task focuses ~ above the complying with 3 Dimensional Learning facets of NGSS:
Generate and also compare multiple solutions to a problem based upon how fine they meet the criteria and also constraints that the design problem.

Alignment agreement: thanks for her feedback!

Research ~ above a trouble should be carried out before beginning to architecture a solution. Testing a solution involves investigating just how well that performs under a selection of likely conditions.

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At everything stage, communicating with peers about proposed options is crucial part the the architecture process, and also shared ideas can command to boosted designs.

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Engineers boost existing technologies or develop new ones to rise their benefits, come decrease known risks, and to accomplish societal demands.

Alignment agreement: many thanks for her feedback!


NGSS power Expectation science & engineering Practices Disciplinary Core principles Crosscutting principles

3-5-ETS1-3. Plan and carry out fair tests in i m sorry variables are controlled and also failure clues are considered to identify aspects of a model or prototype that can be improved. (Grades 3 - 5)

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This activity focuses top top the adhering to 3 Dimensional Learning aspects of NGSS:
Plan and also conduct an examination collaboratively to create data to offer as the basis for evidence, making use of fair tests in which variables room controlled and also the variety of trials considered.

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Tests are frequently designed to recognize failure clues or difficulties, which suggest the facets of the architecture that need to be improved.

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Different solutions have to be experiment in order to identify which of them finest solves the problem, offered the criteria and the constraints.

Alignment agreement: thanks for her feedback!


NGSS power Expectation science & engineering Practices Disciplinary Core principles Crosscutting concepts

3-ESS3-1. Make a claim around the merit the a design solution the reduces the effects of a weather-related hazard. (Grade 3)

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This activity focuses on the adhering to 3 Dimensional Learning elements of NGSS:
Make a claim around the merit that a solution to a difficulty by citing appropriate evidence around how it meets the criteria and also constraints the the problem.

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A variety of organic hazards an outcome from herbal processes. People cannot get rid of natural hazards yet can take steps to mitigate their impacts.

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Cause and also effect relationship are regularly identified, tested, and also used to define change.

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Engineers enhance existing innovations or develop new ones to boost their services (e.g., far better artificial limbs), diminish known risks (e.g., seatbelts in cars), and meet societal demands (e.g., cell phones).

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Science affects day-to-day life.

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NGSS power Expectation scientific research & design Practices Disciplinary Core principles Crosscutting principles

3-PS2-2. Make observations and/or measurements of an object"s activity to provide evidence the a pattern have the right to be provided to guess future motion. (Grade 3)

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This task focuses on the adhering to 3 Dimensional Learning aspects of NGSS:
Make monitorings and/or measurements to create data to serve as the basis for proof for an explanation the a phenomenon or check a architecture solution.

Alignment agreement: thanks for your feedback!

Science result are based on recognizing patterns.

See more: What Is The Greatest Common Factor Of 10 And 20 ? Gcf Of 10 And 20

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The trends of an object"s motion in various situations can it is in observed and measured; as soon as that past activity exhibits a regular pattern, future motion have the right to be predicted from it. (Boundary: technological terms, such together magnitude, velocity, momentum, and also vector quantity, space not presented at this level, however the concept that some quantities need both size and also direction come be explained is developed.)

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Patterns of adjust can be used to do predictions.

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