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hydrogen bonding, interaction involving a hydrogen atom located between a pair of various other atoms having a high affinity because that electrons; such a shortcut is weaker than an ionic bond or covalent bond but stronger than van der Waals forces. Hydrogen bonds can exist in between atoms in different molecules or in parts of the very same molecule. One atom of the pair (the donor), typically a fluorine, nitrogen, or oxygen atom, is covalently bonded to a hydrogen atom (―FH, ―NH, or ―OH), whose electrons it share unequally; that is high electron affinity causes the hydrogen to take it on a slight optimistic charge. The other atom that the pair, likewise typically F, N, or O, has actually an unshared electron pair, which offers it a slight negative charge. Mainly through electrostatic attraction, the donor atom successfully shares that is hydrogen v the agree atom, developing a bond. Because of its considerable hydrogen bonding, water (H2O) is fluid over a much greater variety of temperatures that would be meant for a molecule of its size. Water is also a good solvent for ionic compounds and many others because it readily creates hydrogen bonds v the solute. Hydrogen bonding between amino mountain in a linear protein molecule determines the means it crease up right into its functional configuration. Hydrogen bonds between nitrogenous bases in nucleotides ~ above the two strands of DNA (guanine pairs through cytosine, adenine v thymine) provide rise to the double-helix structure that is critical to the infection of hereditary information.

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